Bharuch (bəro͞oˈchə, –rōchˈ), formerly Broach, city, Gujarat state, W India, on the Gulf of Khambat. A port at the mouth of the Narmada River, Bharuch ships cotton, wheat, and timber and manufactures textiles, ink, and glass. Bharuch was an important Buddhist center in the 7th cent. Under the Rajput dynasty (750–1300), it was the chief port of W India.
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A half pyramid above the corners of a square tower to provide a transition to an octagonal spire.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a metalcutting tool with multiple blades used on broaching machines to machine outer surfaces and through-holes. The following broaches are distinguished, based on the shape of the surface to be worked: cylinder, faceted (square, hexagonal, and so forth), spline, keyway, flat surface, and shaped surface broaches.
Figure 1. Broaches: (a) for internal broaching, (b) for external broaching; (1) pull end, (2) and (5) front and rear pilots, (3) cutting section, (4) finishing section
In broaches used for internal broaching (Figure 1, a), the teeth are arranged on a tapered cutting section; they carry out the major work of cutting the final layer of stock to size. The finishing section of the broach has from three to eight teeth. The first of these cut a very thin layer of metal and give the hole its final shape; the other teeth are spares and are used after the broach is reground. Broaches for external broaching (Figure 1, b) are manufactured in the shape of a rectangular bar and have cutting and finishing sections.
In addition to cutting broaches, there are burnishing broaches, which do not cut, but rather smooth and flatten metal. The flattened layer produced by such broaches has high resistance to wear. The teeth of burnishing broaches do not have cutting angles; they are sometimes positioned on the finishing section of the broach.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
A multiple-tooth, barlike cutting tool; the teeth are shaped to give a desired surface or contour, and cutting results from each tooth projecting farther than the preceding one.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. In quarrying, to free stone blocks from the ledge by cutting out the webbing between holes drilled close together in a row.
2. To finish a stone surface with broad diagonal parallel grooves cut by a pointed chisel.
3. A half pyramid above the corners of a square tower to provide a transition to an octagonal spire.
4. A spire sometimes springing from a tower without an intermediate parapet.
5. Any pointed ornamental structure.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. a long tapered toothed cutting tool for enlarging holes
2. a roof covering the corner triangle on the top of a square tower having an octagonal spire
3. a pin, forming part of some types of lock, that registers in the hollow bore of a key
4. a tool used for tapping casks
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005