ligament

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ligament

(lĭg`əmənt), strong band of white fibrous connective tissueconnective tissue,
supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
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 that joins bones to other bones or to cartilage in the joint areas. The bundles of collagenous fibers that form ligaments tend to be pliable but not elastic. They therefore permit freedom of movement within a certain limited range while holding the attached bones firmly in place. For example, the ligaments at the knee limit the movement of the lower leg to a certain range. Other types of ligaments form fibrous sheets that support such internal organs as the kidneys and the spleen.

Ligament

A strong, flexible connective tissue band usually found between two bony prominences. Most ligaments are composed of dense fibrous tissue formed by parallel bundles of collagen fibers. They have a shining white appearance and are pliable, strong, and noncompliant. A second kind of ligament, composed either partly or almost entirely of yellow elastic fibers, is extensible or compliant, thereby allowing the connected bones to move apart. See Connective tissue, Joint (anatomy)

Ligament

 

in man, a dense band or layer of fibrous tissue that connects skeletal bones or individual organs. Ligaments usually are found near joints and perform a variety of functions, depending on the movements in the joint. Joint capsules are strengthened by reinforcing ligaments, limited in their amplitude by inhibiting ligaments, and directed in their movements by directing ligaments. In many joints, ligaments act as passive bands whose attenuation impairs static functions and alters the shape of the corresponding elements of the skeleton. The main blood vessels that nourish bone pass through some ligaments. The microscopic structure of articular ligaments consists of a variety of dense fibrous tissue whose dominant elements are bands of collagenous and elastic fibers.

The term “ligament” is often applied to anatomic formations not associated with joints, for example, the ligaments of visceral organs, which consist of fine double layers of peritoneum.

ligament

[′lig·ə·mənt]
(engineering)
The section of solid material in a tube sheet or shell between adjacent holes.
(histology)
A flexible, dense white fibrous connective tissue joining, and sometimes encapsulating, the articular surfaces of bones.

ligament

Anatomy any one of the bands or sheets of tough fibrous connective tissue that restrict movement in joints, connect various bones or cartilages, support muscles, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
After dissection of the posterior leaf of the broad ligament posteromedially, the pararectal space is developed between the ureter and internal iliac artery anterior to the sacrum.
The diagnosis was confirmed intraoperative with the finding of a fresh grossly normal stillborn confined between the two leaves of the broad ligament and containing the placental.
Intra-abdominal bleeding is usually due to bleeding from the angle of the uterine incision which may cause free blood in the peritoneal cavity or a broad ligament haematoma.
Each ovary is suspended by the cranial part of the broad ligament. Blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves run along this tissue and enter the ovary at the hilus.
In addition, the chart contained two copies of the "REDICTATION," an unsigned report, and a signed copy that was identical except for the had written insertion of the word "dissected" in a blank left by a transcriber for "inaudible" term and the handwritten addition of the words "broad ligament" next to the term "medial ligament" in a sentence that read as follows: "The retroperitoneal space was entered posteriorly on the left side, and the ureter was identified along the medial ligament [handwritten: broad ligament] of the peritoneum." Neither report contained any acknowledgment of the suturing and alleged transection of the left ureter that formed the basis of the plaintiffs claim of malpractice.
The broad ligament tightens, pulling up the uterus and causing the vagina to enlarge.
On either side of the uterus, connecting it to the side wall of the pelvic cavity, is the broad ligament, which also encloses a Fallopian tube and an ovary and a ligament called a round ligament, which supports the uterus.
Surgery was difficult because of a large myoma on the right broad ligament.
* Intraoperatively, right broad ligament cyst of size 15 x 10 cm was present.
Although endometriosis was detected in the right ovary and broad ligament of the uterus, no other malignant lesions were found in the abdominal cavity.
The first intrauterine modern device dates from 1909,3 but now they are considered a widely used birth control method with rare complications such as perforation, infection, and ectopic pregnancy.4 Risk factors for uterine perforation include patients with retroverted or retroflexed uterus and IUCD is inserted directly or passes into the abdominal cavity through an iatrogenic opening in the uterine wall.2 The most commonly involved organs are cervix, broad ligament, ovary and uterine myoma, with the rectosigmoid colon and urinary system to the next commonly affected.