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an eating chicken 60 days old (liveweight 1.4-1.6 kg). The meat is tender and juicy, with a small quantity of fat; the dietary properties are higher than those of the adult fowl. Meat and egg-laying breeds, pure meat breeds, and specialized meat lines of these breeds are principally used for producing broilers. Most successful are hybrids obtained by crossbreeding meat lines selected for rapidity of growth, quickness of feathering, meat formation, and high fodder return. Production of broilers is most profitable on large, specialized farms.

The technological process in a broiler farm begins on the reproduction farm, where crossbreeding is conducted, and year-round production of hybrid eggs for incubation is organized. From the incubation department, the 24-hour-old chicks enter the broiler-raising department, and some enter the department of “reserve” chick raising. The broilers are raised in spacious mechanized poultry houses on a deep litter or in cages and are not let out to range. They are fed dry fodder mixes. The broilers are killed in the processing department. The production capacity of the departments is designed for continuous-operation production and for constant production throughout all seasons of the year.

The broiler industry is developed in the USA, England, the German Democratic Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Belgium, and other countries. In the USSR broiler farms have been created with a productivity of 2-3 million broilers per year, for example, the Krasnyi Sovkhoz in the Crimean Oblast, the Be-rezovskoe broiler farm in Krasnoiarsk Krai, and the Zagorsk broiler farm in Moscow Oblast.


Bogdanov, M. N., and N. Sh. Iofe. Vyrashchivanie miasnykh tsypliat. Moscow, 1961.
Proizvodstvo broilerov za rubezhom. Moscow, 1962.
Tereshchenko, V. I. Ekonomika i organizatsiia proizvodstva broilerov v SShA. Kiev, 1965.
Belov, L. M., V. F. Marchik, and V. N. Tiutiunnikov. Proizvodstvo broilerov v sovkhoze “Krasnyi.” Moscow, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
If you give 5gm of feeds to both chicken and cricket, the conversion of the protein in crickets is higher than broiler chicken,"Reared crickets have double the number of protein content compared to broiler chicken.
Effect of different treatments and challenge on small intestinal measurements of broiler chickens at 25 d (10 d post inoculation).
This, they noted, contributed to the recovery of the farm-gate price of broiler chicken.
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of in ovo injection of [alpha] - galactosides on the development of the intestinal villi in the small intestine of broiler chickens.
Growth performance in terms of weight gain was improved in broiler chicken fed on a diet supplemented with the O.
According to the scientific opinion on Campylobacter in broiler chicken meat production, published by the European Food Safety Authority Panel on Biological Hazards (2), high priority has been given to generating solid longterm data on biosecurity interventions, including the effect of hygiene barriers and fly screens, as a way to reduce prevalence of Campylobacter spp.
Ninety unsexed broiler chickens were brooded together for 3 weeks on deep litter in an open-sided brooding house.
Because broiler chickens in T5 use higher amount of fat powder (soybean calcium salt fatty acids) supplemented diet then feed intake increased significantly in T5.
Now at least 70 percent of the broiler chickens in the United States are fed arsenic-based additives, primarily a drug called roxarsone.
It owns the largest broiler chicken processing facility under a single roof able to process 16,000 birds per hour and 75 million per year.