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reed,name used for several plants of the family Graminae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
..... Click the link for more information. family). The common American reed, also called reedgrass and canegrass, is a tall perennial grass (Phragmites australis), widely distributed in fresh or brackish wet places. It has stout, creeping rootstalks and a large plumelike panicle. In the SW United States this grass is called carrizo and is used in building adobe huts; it has also been used for thatching and cordage. Native Americans collected a sweet exudate from the plant and made arrows of the stalks. The leaves served as edible greens and the seeds as a cereal food. Due in part to the degradation of salt marshes and in part to the supplanting of the native P. australis by Eurasian strains of the species, the reed has become invasive in American wetlands, where it often forms a monoculture. The giant reed (Arundo donax), of similar appearance, is native to the Mediterranean region but is now widely naturalized throughout tropical and warm climates, including the S and SW United States, California, and Hawaii. It is often cultivated for ornament but is also regarded as an invasive species in warmer areas of the United States. In Europe the stems have been used to make reed instruments, bagpipes, and reed organs. This is the reed from which PanPan
, in Greek religion and mythology, pastoral god of fertility. He was worshiped principally in Arcadia, and one legend states that he was the son of Hermes, another Arcadian god. Pan was supposed to make flocks fertile; when he did not, his image was flogged to stimulate him.
..... Click the link for more information. was fabled to have made his panpipe, or syrinx. The "reeds" of wickerwork are often rattanrattan
, name for a number of plants of the genera Calamus, Daemonorops, and Korthalsia climbing palms of tropical Asia, belonging to the family Palmae (palm family).
..... Click the link for more information. . Reeds are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.
the sound-producing agent of many musical instruments. The reed is a small plate, fixed at one end, that is caused to vibrate. The vibrations are produced by passing a stream of air over the reed or by plucking or striking it. Reeds are divided into two types: free and beating. Free reeds, which are set in a frame with an opening, are found in the accordion, baian, harmonica, and harmonium. Beating reeds are subdivided into those that are actually made of reed and those that are made of metal. The former make up part of the sound-producing mechanism of such reed instruments as the clarinet, oboe, and bassoon. Metal reeds are used principally in the pipes of reed organs.