brome grass

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brome grass,

common name for any plant of the genus Bromus, chiefly large, coarse grasses of a weedy nature; some, however, are useful as forage, and others are cultivated for decoration. Some of the better-known bromes are the smooth brome (B. inermis, sometimes called awnless, or Hungarian, brome), often cultivated for pasture or for holding banks; rescue grass (B. catharticus or B. unioloides), a forage in the Southern states; cheatgrass (B. tectorum, also known as downy, or drooping, brome), a Eurasian native that is a pest and fire hazard on North American rangeland and prairie; and rye brome (B. secalinus, also called chess or cheat), a Eurasian grass that is pest of North American grainfields, formerly believed by some to be degenerate wheat. Many species of brome grasses develop sharp-barbed fruits at maturity that are injurious to stock (whence the name ripgut grass for some); before maturity these are often used for forage. Brome grasses are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
These grasses include brome grass (Bromus catharticus), crab grass (Digitaria sanguinalis), hairy seed paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum), love grass, spreading love grass (E.
Red brome grass (Bromus rubens) was introduced into the western United States during the mid-nineteenth century, but did not spread into the Mojave Desert until the early twentieth century (Hunter 1991).
Ecological status of introduced brome grass (Bromus spp.) in desert vegetation of southern Nevada.
The dominant grasses and herbs on the Wilds include fescue (Festuca spp.), orchard grass (Dactyli glomerata), timothy grass (Phelum pratense), rye grass (Lolium spp.), brome grass (Bromus inermis), Kentucky blue grass (Poa pratensis), redtop (Agrostis gigantea) yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis), and birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus).
Two of the 5 control sites in 1997 and 3 of the 5 control sites in 1998 were located in hay fields dominated by orchard grass, timothy grass, rye grass, brome grass, fescue, blue grass, red clover (Trifolium repens), and alfalfa (Medicago sativa).
ABOUT 20 MINUTES BEFORE dark I slowly stood for one last careful survey of the thick cedar grove around me and the waist-high brome grass field south of my treestand.
Selected portions of the Kernen Prairie have at times been burned to minimize the impact of invading species, such as smooth brome grass, and to preserve the grassland diversity by eliminating woody shrubs.
Sand burr, downy brome grass, squirrel-tail grass, poverty grass, mesquite, cocklebur and clover are some of the offending plants.
Ecological status of introduced brome grasses (Bromus spp.) in desert vegetation of southern Nevada.
A phytosociological study of exotic annual brome grasses in a mixed grass prairie/ponderosa pine forest ecotone.
Consistent with our expectations, the northern site exhibited greater structural diversity due in large measure to the presence of lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) and brome grasses (particularly smooth brome--Bromus inermis).
Fescue and brome grasses grow up and down ravines while native grasses are less likely to spread that fast.