bromide


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bromide,

any of a group of compounds that contain brominebromine
[Gr.,=stench], volatile, liquid chemical element; symbol Br; at. no. 35; at. wt. 79.904; m.p. –7.2°C;; b.p. 58.78°C;; sp. gr. of liquid 3.12 at 20°C;; density of vapor 7.14 grams per liter at STP; valence −1, +1, +3, +5, or +7.
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 and a more electropositive element or radical. Bromides are formed by the reaction of bromine or a bromide with another substance; they are widely distributed in nature. Most metal bromides are water soluble; exceptions are bromides of copper, lead, mercury, and silver that are very slightly soluble in water. Potassium bromide, KBr, and sodium bromide, NaBr, are the familiar bromides used in medicine as sedatives; they should be used under a doctor's direction since they are habit-forming. Magnesium bromide, found in seawater, is a source of pure bromine. Silver bromide is one of the light-sensitive silver salts used in films, plates, and printing papers for photography. Hydrobromic acid is a water solution of hydrogen bromide, a gas. The presence of a bromide in a water solution can be detected by adding chlorine and carbon disulfide, CS2; the bromine is displaced from its compound and dissolves in the CS2, giving it a characteristic orange color.

bromide

[′brō‚mīd]
(chemistry)
A compound derived from hydrobromic acid, HBr, with the bromine atom in the 1-oxidation state.

bromide

1. any salt of hydrobromic acid, containing the monovalent ion Br-- (bromide ion)
2. any compound containing a bromine atom, such as methyl bromide
3. a dose of sodium or potassium bromide given as a sedative
References in periodicals archive ?
Request for the Report Summary: https://www.factmr.com/report/3269/hyoscine-n-butyl-bromide-market The study states that the oral consumption of hyoscine-N-butyl bromide has increased with a rise in the instances of abdominal cramps and pain, particularly among the adult population.
Apart from contributing to the depletion of the ozone layer, NAFDAC further revealed, methyl bromide is an extremely toxic vapour which is readily absorbed through the lungs in humans by inhalation.
It also added that methyl bromide is used to control insects and fungus in agricultural soil and its health effects are limited to inhalation or skin exposure.
Sofpironium bromide, a new chemical entity and "soft" drug, belongs to a class of medications called anticholinergics.
In this randomized controlled trial, we investigated the effects of the prophylactic administration of pinaverium bromide before colonoscopy and the effects of pinaverium bromide alone at different time points or combined with scopolamine butylbromide on the successful rate of colonoscopy, procedure time, abdominal pain, and polyp detection rate, in order to provide insights in the application of pinaverium bromide during nonanesthetic colonoscopy in China.
Increasing demand for lithium bromide in refrigeration and drying applications is expected to in turn drive growth of global lithium bromide market over the forecast period.
Methods so far used or suggested for the detection of bromide and other halogens in water include neutron activation analysis, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, ion and liquid chromatography, and fluorescence spectroscopy [2-7].
Group-A was labeled as drug Hyoscine Butyl Bromide (HBB) and Group-B was labeled as placebo.
Methyl iodide had been promoted as a suitable alternative to methyl bromide because it shares its soil disinfestation qualities but does not present as much harm to the upper atmosphere (Ohr et al.
In Group II, patients were given injection of valethamate bromide 8 mg intravenous every hour for five doses.
9,259,385 B2; Red Oax Holdings, LLC, Maitland, FL, has been awarded a patent covering compositions for enhancing wound healing that contain magnesium and bromide. The patent covers a sterile solution of magnesium ions, bromide ions, sulfate ions, sodium ions, chloride ions and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier that is water or aqueous solutions of a hydrophilic polymer.