bromide


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bromide,

any of a group of compounds that contain brominebromine
[Gr.,=stench], volatile, liquid chemical element; symbol Br; at. no. 35; at. wt. 79.904; m.p. –7.2°C;; b.p. 58.78°C;; sp. gr. of liquid 3.12 at 20°C;; density of vapor 7.14 grams per liter at STP; valence −1, +1, +3, +5, or +7.
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 and a more electropositive element or radical. Bromides are formed by the reaction of bromine or a bromide with another substance; they are widely distributed in nature. Most metal bromides are water soluble; exceptions are bromides of copper, lead, mercury, and silver that are very slightly soluble in water. Potassium bromide, KBr, and sodium bromide, NaBr, are the familiar bromides used in medicine as sedatives; they should be used under a doctor's direction since they are habit-forming. Magnesium bromide, found in seawater, is a source of pure bromine. Silver bromide is one of the light-sensitive silver salts used in films, plates, and printing papers for photography. Hydrobromic acid is a water solution of hydrogen bromide, a gas. The presence of a bromide in a water solution can be detected by adding chlorine and carbon disulfide, CS2; the bromine is displaced from its compound and dissolves in the CS2, giving it a characteristic orange color.

bromide

[′brō‚mīd]
(chemistry)
A compound derived from hydrobromic acid, HBr, with the bromine atom in the 1-oxidation state.

bromide

1. any salt of hydrobromic acid, containing the monovalent ion Br-- (bromide ion)
2. any compound containing a bromine atom, such as methyl bromide
3. a dose of sodium or potassium bromide given as a sedative
References in periodicals archive ?
The multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, vehicle-controlled Phase 2b study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of three doses of sofpironium bromide delivered as a topically applied gel vs.
Steve Lewington, Global Medicine Leader, Respiratory, AstraZeneca, said: The ASCENT data demonstrate that Tudorza, when added to background therapy, reduces exacerbation rates in patients with cardiovascular disease or risk factors and adds to the established efficacy and safety profile of aclidinium bromide.
The drugs and equipment in this study were as follows: pinaverium bromide, 50 mg/tablet (Abbott, USA); polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder composed of 64 g polyethylene glycol 4000, 5.
On the basis of type of compound, the global lithium bromide market is segmented into solid and aqueous type.
Keywords: First stage of labour, Hyosine Butyl bromide, Term Pregnancy.
Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Region, with production, consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate of Hydrogen Bromide in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like North America, China, Europe, Japan, India, Southeast Asia split by product type, with production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type Split by application, this report focuses on consumption, market share and growth rate of Hydrogen Bromide in each application, can be divided into Supplements, Food, Feed, Cosmetics.
Survey results showed that public opposition to methyl iodide, along with the continued availability of methyl bromide, were factors in strawberry growers' decision not to use the preplant fumigant in their fields.
Duration of active phase labour: There was significant reduction in active phase of labour in drotaverine hydrochloride (group I) as mean duration was 3 hours 18 minutes, whereas in valethamate bromide (group II) it was 4 hours 12 minutes.
The solution includes potassium ions; rubidium ions; calcium ions; zinc ions; magnesium ions; bromide ions; counterions selected from the group consisting of citrate, chloride, bromide, sulfate, hydroxide, bicarbonate, carbonate, phosphate, lactate, glutamate, acetate and combinations thereof; and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier that is a water or aqueous solution of a hydrophilic polymer.
Conclusion: The combination of nebulised salbutamol along with ipratropium bromide in the treatment of acute asthma exacerbation was not superior to salbutamol alone.
Results suggested that topical rocuronium bromide administration may be safely used for pupillary dilation in Hispaniolan Amazon parrots and could be used for clinical evaluation, fundus imaging, and surgical interventions involving the lens and posterior segment in this species.
A preliminary investigation revealed that an unoccupied housing unit below the one in which the family had been staying, but in the same building, had been fumigated with the pesticide methyl bromide on March 18, 2 days before the family sought medical care.