found that YKL-40 can promote proliferation, migration, and antiapoptosis of bronchia
smooth muscle cells through a variety of signaling pathways .
DCS seem to be involved in detection of irritants, control of airway surface liquid secretion, innate immunity, microbial population, regulation of appetite, cell proliferation, relaxation/contraction of muscles, bronchia
, urinary bladder, and vessels, and regulation of heart activity (Figure 1) [150, 197-201].
Neuron specific enolase in neuroendocrine tumors of the thymus, bronchia
Trachea is a heavy-walled tube extending from the cricoid cartilage of the larynx to the root of the lung where it bifurcates to form the right and left principal bronchia
(bronchus principalis) .
It may suggest that inflammation can damage bronchial wall, which leads to infiltration of inflammatory cells in bronchia
and disposition of type IV collagen in bronchial wall and promotes remodeling of affected bronchia
His system relies on an engineering trick involving plastic tubing that mimics the action of bronchia