bronchiolitis


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bronchiolitis

[‚bräŋ·kē·ō′līd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the bronchioles.
References in periodicals archive ?
This article presents the experience of the authors in implementing an evidence-based bronchiolitis protocol and order-set on an inpatient pediatric unit in a community hospital located in the Midwest.
During the study, the researchers analyzed nearly 12,000 diagnoses of infant bronchiolitis between 1999 and 2002 in southwestern British Columbia, with respect to the individual's ambient pollution exposure based on monitored levels of nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and particulate matter from monitoring stations within 10 km of the infants' homes.
There is a discontinuity between guidelines that forbid routine steroids and beta-agonists for bronchiolitis in infants, and guidelines that strongly prescribe steroids, metered dose inhalers, and asthma action plans for all discharged wheezers over age 2 years.
Conclusion: RSV and rhinovirus are major causes of bronchiolitis in children.
Materials and Methods: The infants who were followed up in our hospital and monitored due to acute bronchiolitis within a 0 to 24-month period were included in the study.
Obliterative bronchiolitis has 2 forms, polypoid and constrictive, which can be present in isolation or can exist together in the same lung or even in the same airway.
In developed countries, PO was found to be beneficial when used in children with bronchiolitis when introduced as a screening tool in emergency room triage in a study conducted by Choi and Claudius.
This study showed the importance of hypertonic saline nebulization in the improvement of bronchiolitis severity for children suffering from viral bronchiolitis, he said.
The most frequent cause of severe bronchiolitis is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, with other respiratory viruses (para-influenza virus (PIV), influenza virus, human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and measles virus) being less common or for which definitive attribution is yet to be established (e.
A 2013 Cochrane review of 17 RCTs with 2596 patients compared corticosteroids with placebo for treating bronchiolitis in children younger than 2 years.
The aim of the study was to evaluate platelet volume indices in children with acute bronchiolitis.
In the UK and other developed nations, between 1 and 4% of the entire birth cohort is hospitalised due to viral bronchiolitis each year, with a large degree of regional variability [1].

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