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Related to bronchopleural fistula: pneumothorax


fistula (fĭsˈcho͝olə), abnormal, usually ulcerous channellike formation between two internal organs or between an internal organ and the skin. It may follow a surgical procedure with improper healing, or it may be caused by injury, abscess, or infection with penetration deep enough to reach another organ or the skin. When open at only one end it is called an incomplete fistula or sinus. The most common sites of fistula are the rectum and the urinary organs, but almost any part of the body may be affected. Rectal fistulas are often associated with colitis, cancer, sexually transmitted diseases, and other disorders. Usually a fistula requires surgery. In horses an abscess on the withers from chafing and infection is termed a fistula.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an abnormal passage between hollow organs or between an organ, body cavity, or focus of disease and the body surface. Usually in the form of a narrow canal lined with epithelium or granulations, it continuously discharges pus, mucus, bile, urine, or feces.

Congenital fistulas, for example, umbilical fistulas, are developmental anomalies. Acquired fistulas result from such chronic inflammations as osteomyelitis, from tumors, or from injuries. Fistulas are usually treated by surgery.

It is sometimes necessary to create artificial fistulas surgically. They may connect hollow organs, in which case they are called internal fistulas, or anastomoses. An example is gastroenteroanastomosis in cicatricial stenosis of the outlet of the stomach.

Gastrostomy is the establishment of an external fistula, or stoma, for artificial feeding. External fistulas also permit the discharge of urine or feces. For example, cystostoma is a fistula of the urinary bladder formed when the urethra is compressed by a tumor. With external fistulas, care must be taken to avoid irritating or infecting the surrounding skin.


Struchkov, V. I. Gnoinaia khirurgiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An abnormal congenital or acquired communication between two surfaces or between a viscus or other hollow structure and the exterior.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


In ancient Roman construction, a water pipe of lead or earthenware.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Pathol an abnormal opening between one hollow organ and another or between a hollow organ and the surface of the skin, caused by ulceration, congenital malformation, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Hogarth, "Intrabronchial valves: a case series describing a minimally invasive approach to bronchopleural fistulas in medical intensive care unit patients," Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology, vol.
Our patient ultimately required VATS decortication for resolution of his right-sided empyema and bronchopleural fistula. We suspect that our patient required VATS decortication for resolution of his empyema secondary to development of lung entrapment and bronchopleural fistula.
Conservative management is preferred to prevent the formation of bronchopleural fistula secondary to ICD and, thus, the need for prolonged hospital admission.
Natural history of bronchopleural fistula after pneumonectomy: a review of 96 cases.
If patients also have a bronchopleural fistula, they may complain of a change in cough pattern, sudden unrelenting paroxysms of coughing, and a change in sputum production to a thin dark brown or rust-colored fluid (Alexander & Fetter, 1992).
Intrapleural fibrinolytics was not used in the study as a result of negative result in MIST trial.[4] Inadequate drainage, persistence of BPF and/or non-expansion of the lung even after antibiotic therapy and intercostal drainage were referred to cardiothoracic surgeon and decortication and/or decortication with closure of bronchopleural fistula using intercostal muscle flap were performed in selected cases.
Pierson, "Management of bronchopleural fistula in the adult respiratory distress syndrome," New Horizons, vol.
Persistent bronchopleural fistula with air leak persisted in the following 2 weeks [Figure 1]e and [Figure 1]f despite chest tube suction.
Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a communication between the pleural space and the bronchial tree.
The most direct and functional definition of a bronchopleural fistula, (BPF), is to describe it as a communication involving both the pleural space and the bronchial tree.
Jet ventilation is widely used in premature infant and neonatal care' and, in adults, mainly restricted to the conservative treatment of bronchopleural fistula (7,8).