comorbidity was more frequently found among RSV-positive patients (17%) than among RSV-negative patients (10.9%).
Gettner et al., "Impact of a physiologic definition on bronchopulmonary dysplasia
rates," Pediatrics, vol.
Montemurro et al., "Short-term, long-term and paracrine effect of human umbilical cord-derived stem cells in lung injury prevention and repair in experimental bronchopulmonary dysplasia
," Thorax, vol.
([dagger]) Chronic lung disease included asthma, reactive airway disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia
, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or emphysema, or the requirement for home oxygen combined with other lung conditions such as chronic respiratory failure or pulmonary hypertension.
Babies who got DHA were 13 percent more likely to have bronchopulmonary dysplasia
than those who got the placebo.
However, the AA and GA TNF-[alpha]238 genotypes were much less likely to occur among infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia
than among healthy infants.
(BPD) also called chronic lung disease (CLD) of infancy is a neonatal-pediatric disease associated with lung injury in preterm infants or anomalous lung development in full-term neonates [1-3] and is usually associated with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).
Abbreviations BPD: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
FI[O.sub.2]: Fraction of inspired oxygen LVO: Left ventricular output NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit PCR: Polymerase chain reaction MAP: Mean airway pressure RVO: Right ventricular output.
Prematurity and bronchopulmonary dysplasia
(BPD) have also been implicated, but at current their specific roles in pathogenesis remain unclear [7,10-14].
The clinical definition of neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD), also known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia
(BPD), has evolved over time.
(BPD) is the main pulmonary complication in premature infants exposed to multiple risk factors including mechanical ventilation, oxygen use, patent ductus arteriosus, inflammation, and infection (6,7).