bronchoscope

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bronchoscope

(brŏng`kəskōp'), long, tubular instrument with a light at the tip that is inserted through the windpipe and bronchial tubes to examine these structures. By passing other instruments through it, foreign bodies and obstructions can be removed and tissue or secretions may be removed for microscopic observation. Gustav Killian, German laryngologist, in Freiburg, Germany, was the first to experiment with such a device in 1895. Chevalier Jackson adapted the bronchoscope to serve as an aid to the breathing of a patient during surgery in 1903, and he improved the system of illumination in the instrument; he is regarded as the father of bronchoscopy.

bronchoscope

[′bräŋ·kə‚skōp]
(medicine)
An instrument for the visual examination of the interior of the bronchi.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bronchoscopic treatment in the management of benign tracheal stenosis: Choices for simple and complex tracheal stenosis.
Another method, endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) helps increase the rate of bronchoscopic diagnosis, particularly in sarcoidosis.
Pulmonary bleeding is a life-threatening complication resulting from pulmonary diseases or following bronchoscopic therapies and biopsy taking.
Caption: FIGURE 4B: Bronchoscopic view of the broncholith as it is attached to the end of the scope via suction as it passes through the nasopharynx on its way out.
3) Dark anthracotic pigmentation in the bronchial mucosa is a bronchoscopic finding of pneumoconiosis or evidence of heavy atmospheric soot particles.
After bronchoscopic examination of 33 patient, 6 (17%) patient had pathological features suggestive of tuberculosis, like inflammation with distortion, granuloma and ulceration in mucosal wall, which was comparable to the study by So et al 5 swollen mucosa, stenosis or plaques of caseous material in 12 (18%) of the 65 patient.
We defined surrogate criteria as microbiological criteria only (1), ([greater than or equal to] 2 positive sputum cultures or 1 bronchoscopic or lung biopsy culture), which has a positive predictive value of 70%-100% (5,6,9,10).
Bronchoscopic excision of the tumoural mass was performed.
Pulmonary infiltrates in non-HIV immunocompromised patients a diagnostic approach using non-invasive and bronchoscopic procedures.
Use of a bronchoscopic technique was first reported in 1975 by Gdanietz and Krause, (4) who used histo-acryl adhesive to close an RTF.
All females underwent bronchoscopic examination under general anesthesia using a Negus rigid bronchoscopy size 5-7 F with channel for ventilation.