bronchoscope

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bronchoscope

(brŏng`kəskōp'), long, tubular instrument with a light at the tip that is inserted through the windpipe and bronchial tubes to examine these structures. By passing other instruments through it, foreign bodies and obstructions can be removed and tissue or secretions may be removed for microscopic observation. Gustav Killian, German laryngologist, in Freiburg, Germany, was the first to experiment with such a device in 1895. Chevalier Jackson adapted the bronchoscope to serve as an aid to the breathing of a patient during surgery in 1903, and he improved the system of illumination in the instrument; he is regarded as the father of bronchoscopy.

bronchoscope

[′bräŋ·kə‚skōp]
(medicine)
An instrument for the visual examination of the interior of the bronchi.
References in periodicals archive ?
The procedure was performed using an integrated fibreroptic bronchoscopy (convex probe EBUS) with a dedicated 22G TBNA needles by a bronchoscopist. Sites for TBNA were chosen based on clinical tumor stage, CT scan thorax findings and intra procedural findings; care was taken to avoid neighboring vascular structure using integrated color flow images.
The bronchoscopist continued to perform fiberoptic bronchoscopy (albeit no conventional TBNAs, but mainly transbronchial biopsies) during that 5 years, which might preserve some skills for handling EBUS (but not needle).
Total Intravenous Anaesthesia (TIVA) for bronchoscopy is gaining popularity as it facilitates patient co-operation, comfort and safety, as also making it easier and comfortable for the bronchoscopist. Ambulatory anaesthesia, wherein the patient is admitted and discharged on the same day can also be achieved with TIVA.
Bronchoscopists may need to intervene on iatrogenic bleeding caused during a procedure since they perform procedures such as transbronchial biopsies which are associated with significant bleeding in 2.8% of the cases [61].
Tracheostomy cuff was inflated after confirming the position of the tube with bronchoscopist. ETT was removed and ventilator switched to tracheostomy tube.
The bronchoscopy with BAL was performed by the bronchoscopist on call of the Endoscopy Department of the Hospital who had been designated by the bronchoscopist responsible for the study.
It is advisable that fiberoptic bronchoscopes and an anesthesiologist or bronchoscopist skilled in the use of FFB be available in all operating suites and intensive care units.
For diffuse parenchymal lung disease, the bronchoscopist may choose to sample more than 1 lobe of the same lung.
The cryoprobe is introduced through a rigid bronchoscope by the bronchoscopist (A).
Local anesthesia of the vocal cords should be carried out in a manner that is safe and less unpleasant to the patient and also provide acceptable conditions to the bronchoscopist as excessive coughing by the patient may render the procedure difficult and the patient may become uncooperative in the later part of the procedure.
The seemingly incongruent techniques of the rigid bronchoscopist and direct laryngoscopist are discussed from an historical perspective.
(11) To ensure that these recommendations are fulfilled, the bronchoscopist may need to sample more than 5 pieces.