Brooder

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brooder

 

a device for the localized warming of young poultry in the first weeks of life. In the USSR electric brooders, in which the temperature can be changed by a regulatory screw and maintained automatically by means of a thermostat, are the most common type. In gas brooders, the air under the hood is heated by the burner flame or a ceramic radiator heated by it; air access to the burner is regulated by a thermostat. One electric or gas brooder will hold 500 chicks. Stoves with horizontal flues and pipes with central water heating, laid along or across the poultry house (covered with awnings), are also used for warming young fowl; in poultry factories battery brooders are used.

S. A. KISHECHNIKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our products are designed to be long lasting and energy efficient.Incubators and brooders have cabinets made of high quality molded plastics, stainless steel or other materials, which are smooth and washable.
Significantly (P<0.05) the best livability% was recorded when all the birds of the three strains were kept on FH particularly of Hubbard, while, the least livability was found on gas brooders in general for all strains and for Cobb in particular (Table I).
Critique: Practical, comprehensive, profusely illustrated, thoroughly 'user friendly' in organization and presentation, "50 Do-It-Yourself Projects for Keeping Chickens: Chicken Coops, Brooders, Runs, Swings, Dust Baths, and More!" is an ideal and unreservedly recommended addition to personal and community library collections.
19, 1904, article, the Quincy Daily Herald published an interesting story about the Ertel company, its incubators and brooders. The article included a letter written by an R.M.
Por breeding, female brooders of size 72 mm in length and male of 74.6 mm were selected and kept separately in the brood rearing tanks and monitored constantly.
An extra-large plastic storage tote, in the 100-gallon range, makes an easy-to-clean brooder, and the snap-on lid secures it from predators.
In 1999, brooding started early in the season, on November 18, with a low percentage of brooders in the population (7.5%).
They are known for being good brooders and protective mothers, so many raisers let their ducks do the setting rather than artificially incubating the eggs (see "Broody Muscovies," Page 74).
Members of the genus Oreochromis are mouth brooders that have the capacity to spawn continually under the proper environmental conditions.
Tachytictic species are short-term brooders that retain glochidia (i.e., larvae) for a relatively short period (e.g., 3-6 wk, Gordon and Layzer, 1989, but see Weaver et al., 1991).
Improper structures especially mesh floors on brooders may cause the legs to stick and at times twist.