brown bear


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

brown bear

a large ferocious brownish bear, Ursus arctos, inhabiting temperate forests of North America, Europe, and Asia

Brown Bear

 

(Ursus arctos), a predatory mammal of the family Ursidae. It is widespread in North Africa (Atlas Mountains), Europe, Asia, and all the way to North America, where it is known as the grizzly bear. The brown bear is a forest animal, living mainly in large dense forests. In the USSR it inhabits the entire forested zone of Eurasia and the mountains of the Caucasus and Middle Asia. In most of its area of distribution, the brown bear is found in relatively small numbers; in some places it has been completely exterminated. The brown bear comprises several subspecies (geographic races), differing in size and color. The largest bears are on Kamchatka and in the Primor’e Krai, where they weigh 300 kg or more. The color ranges from almost straw-yellow to very dark black-brown. The brown bear’s diet is predominantly herbivorous—berries, acorns, nuts, and rhizomes—but also includes insects, worms, lizards, frogs, rodents, and other small animals. The bear sometimes attacks young ungulates. In the Far East, fish serves as food (migrating salmon). In the fall, the brown bear retires to its den. During its winter sleep it subsists on stores of fat accumulated during the summer. The brown bear’s winter sleep is not deep; in the event of danger, the animal awakens and abandons its den. With the onset of warm weather, the brown bear, which has become severely emaciated during the winter, begins to feed voraciously. In the south, where there is little snow in winter, the brown bear does not hibernate.

Heat in the female lasts from May to July; the gestation period is about seven months. Once in two years, in the period from the end of December to the beginning of February, the female gives birth to usually two cubs, which it nurses for about four months. The brown bear reaches sexual maturity at the age of three years. Its industrial value is small. The hide is used primarily for rugs, the meat for food. In some places the brown bear damages oat plantings and on rare occasions attacks domestic animals. Its number is decreasing in forests taken over by man and also as a result of industry.

REFERENCES

Ognev, S. I. Zveri Vostochnoi Evropy i Severnoi Azii, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1931.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2, part 1. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Brown bears hide their prey and return to feast on it later, some experts say.
"The 15-minute documentary aims to raise awareness about the endangered Himalayan brown bear in the unique Deosai Plateau, well-known for its rich flora and fauna of the Karakoram alpine steppe eco-region," it said.
I was fortunate enough to take a really good 10'2" brown bear that year, so in the fall of 2017, it was finally time for me to hunt once again for a big brown bear.
Deforestation due to substantial increase in human population and increased urbanization trend is the main reason fordegrading the habitats of the Himalayan brown bear which leads to lack of food availability and increased encounter with humans, both resulting in an enhanced mortality rate of the animal.
The fact of the shooting of a brown bear was under investigation.
For Alaska's brown bears, 'being fat in October or November is a sign of success and resilience'.
In Azad Kashmir, brown bear is restricted to northern region including Machiara National Park, Gumote National Park, Shonther Valley, and Kel areas (Nawaz, 2007; Iftikhar, 2006).
"I look and this brown bear comes lunging out of the woods and I was in front and Paul (the injured volunteer) came running in front of me and got attacked," she said.
It is a wonderful country with fantastic hunting and offers a tremendous variety of game as well as, right now, the best opportunity for hunting the European brown bear.
CALL OF THE WILD Dr Brown Bear has a lot on his plate
In the tongue-in-cheek piece, she offers a number of case studies and considers the potential impact Dr Brown Bear's actions could have on patient behaviour.
Its reddish-brown fur is lighter in colour than the darker Tibetan brown bear, which also sports a white collar around its neck.