Brucella

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Brucella

[brü′sel·ə]
(microbiology)
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria of uncertain affiliation; single, nonmotile coccobacilli or short rods, all of which are parasites and pathogens of mammals.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
KEYWORDS: Infectious spondylodiscitis, Pyogenic, Tubercular, Brucellar, Clinical features, Diagnosis.
Brucellar arthritis in children and its successful treatment with trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (co-trimoxazole).
Brucellar epididimo-orchitis in pediatric ages group Iranian J Pediatr 2004; 14: 139-44.
Sternoclavicular brucellar arthritis: A report of 7 cases and a review of the literature.
The most common clinical forms of neurobrucellosis are meningitis, encephalitis, and myelitis while brucellar brain abscess is extremely rare.
(1) Chronic brucellar hepatosplenic abscesses (brucellomas) are rare (about 2% of cases), being considered true focal complications.
In summary, (I) brucellosis may initiate demyelinating process like as seen in the 1st, 2nd, and 8th cases; (II) brucellar meningitis may be the only sign of brucellosis, as in 9th case or it may be first sign of brucellosis as in 10th case; (III) the complication may be silent, part of systemic brucellosis as in 13th, 16th, and 18th cases, and it may be overlooked; (IV) it also may be confused with tuberculous meningitis as the 11th and 12th cases; (V) during the first weeks of the disease, specific immune response may be delayed in serum and/or CSF like as observed in the 10th, 12th, and 17th cases; therefore, serologic tests should be repeated weekly, particularly in endemic regions.