outbreak: Plane passengers quarantined after couple die from disease
Early intervention with antibiotics is crucial as untreated bubonic plague
has a mortality rate of 50% to 90%.
It was not until 1894 that Alexandre Yersin and Kitasato Shibasaburo, independently in Hong Kong isolated the bacterium responsible for the Third Bubonic Plague
The human population is divided into six subgroups: the subgroup of people who have not contracted the disease, to be referred to as susceptible and denoted by [S.sub.H], but may get it if they come into contact with [I.sub.HS], [I.sub.HP], [I.sub.RS], [I.sub.HP], [I.sub.F], or A; people who have the disease but have not shown any symptom and are incapable of transmitting the disease to be referred to as exposed and denoted by [E.sub.H]; those who are infected and capable of transmitting the disease are divided into three subgroups: there are those who have bubonic plague
denoted by [I.sub.HB], those with septicemic plague denoted by [I.sub.HS], and those who have pneumonic plague disease denoted by [I.sub.HP].
The elaboration of this work was based on a literature review based on PubMed, Medline Science Direct, and Google Scholar databases, of English, French, and Portuguese articles published between 1970 and 2017, using the terms bubonic plague
, bioterrorism, Europe, America, Africa, Middle East, Yersinia pestis, and overview history, in relevant references cited in those articles, and our evidence of two human plague outbreaks which have occurred in Angola, from November 1973 to March 1974 and from January to March 1975.
Whether you think it's the next coming of the bubonic plague
or a mere nuisance tapping into American hysteria, there's no doubting that the Ebola virus has caught the attention of the American public.
And if you eat on a Wednesday, technically you're breaking the law as under a 1665 order the first Wednesday of every month is a day of fasting and penance for the relief of Bubonic plague
After an outbreak occurred in Kyrgyzstan, the World Health Organisation's (WHO) epidemic disease expert Eric Bertherat told the BBC: "Because bubonic plague
is such a rare event, local medical staff are not prepared to diagnose the disease and treat it appropriately, which means the first patient usually dies without even a diagnostic."
Part of a city in north-west China has been sealed off and dozens of people placed in quarantine after a man died of bubonic plague
, state media say.
Researchers extracted the DNA of the disease bacterium, Yersinia pestis, from the largest teeth in some of the skulls retrieved, and compared it to the strain of bubonic plague
preserved there with the one that killed 60 people in Madagascar recently.
28 -- In England, between 1348 and1350, bubonic plague
wiped off 1.5 million people from a total population of 4 million.