buckminsterfullerene


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Related to buckminsterfullerene: Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes, Buckyballs

buckminsterfullerene

(bŭk'mĭnstərfo͝ol`ərēn', –fo͝ol'ərēn`) or

buckyball,

C60, hollow cage carboncarbon
[Lat.,=charcoal], nonmetallic chemical element; symbol C; at. no. 6; interval in which at. wt. ranges 12.0096–12.0116; m.p. about 3,550°C;; graphite sublimes about 3,375°C;; b.p. 4,827°C;; sp. gr. 1.8–2.1 (amorphous), 1.9–2.3 (graphite), 3.
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 molecule named for R. Buckminster FullerFuller, R. Buckminster
(Richard Buckminster Fuller), 1895–1983, American architect and engineer, b. Milton, Mass. Fuller devoted his life to the invention of revolutionary technological designs aimed at solving problems of modern living.
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 because of the resemblance of its molecular structure to his geodesic domes. Although buckminsterfullerene (C60) was originally detected in soot in 1985, isolation was first reported in 1990. The soccerball-like molecules are prepared in helium by passing about 150 amps through a carbon rod and extracting the soot with benzene; the resulting magenta solution contains C60 and C70. See fullerenefullerene,
any of a class of carbon molecules in which the carbon atoms are arranged into 12 pentagonal faces and 2 or more hexagonal faces to form a hollow sphere, cylinder, or similar figure.
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.

Bibliography

See J. Baggot, Perfect Symmetry: The Accidental Discovery of Buckminsterfullerene (1996); H. Aldersey-Williams, The Most Beautiful Molecule: The Discovery of the Buckyball (1997).

buckminsterfullerene

[¦bək‚min·stər′fu̇l·ə‚rēn]
(chemistry)
C60 The most abundant and most stable of the fullerenes, containing 60 carbon atoms in a highly spherical arrangement; named in honor of R. Buckminster Fuller, a practitioner of geodesic dome architecture. Also known as buckyball.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first was given a control, the second was fed olive oil and the third was fed a combination of olive oil and Buckminsterfullerene. The control group had a lifespan of only 22 months while the strictly olive oil group lived an average of 26 months, the Discovery News reported.
(63.) Buckminsterfullerene, or carbon-60, which was discovered in
Buckminsterfullerene ([C.sub.60]), a soccer ball-shaped molecule of 60 carbon atoms, is anew form of carbon first synthesized in 1985.
Zerbetto, "Low-lying electronic excited states of Buckminsterfullerene anions," Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol.
Campbell's team decided to test ionized buckminsterfullerene molecules (a.k.a.
The sixty-carbon cluster with the geometry of a truncated icosahedron is named buckminsterfullerene [1, 2].
Buckminsterfullerene is a ball-shaped cluster of 60 atoms arranged like the panels on a modern football.
Buckyballs are also known as buckminsterfullerene. They take their name from the geometric arrangement of their carbon atoms, which resembles the geodesic dome designs of the late architect Buckminster Fuller.
His geodesic geometry was discovered as a core design principle at the molecular level--the aptly named buckminsterfullerene carbon-60 molecule, or "Buckyball." Clearly, Fuller had a well-honed ability to anticipate the future.
Scientists first stumbled upon the family in 1985 with the discovery of the soccer-ball-shaped sphere known as buckminsterfullerene, or buckyball.
One of the highlights of the Symposium was the review by Harry Kroto,, FRS, (Sussex) on the discovery of Buckminsterfullerene, [C.sub.60], a third form of carbon, and the isolation from soot of milligram quantities of both [C.sub.60] and [C.sub.70], culminating in the beautiful one and five line NMR spectra, respectively, of these species.
Li, Ph.D., and colleagues explained that there are several ways of making buckypaper, named for Buckminsterfullerene, or carbon 60, which was the basis for the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and helped spawn the emerging field of nanotechnology.