buckyball


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buckyball,

colloquial term for buckminsterfullerenebuckminsterfullerene
or buckyball,
C60, hollow cage carbon molecule named for R. Buckminster Fuller because of the resemblance of its molecular structure to his geodesic domes.
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, a roughly spherical fullerenefullerene,
any of a class of carbon molecules in which the carbon atoms are arranged into 12 pentagonal faces and 2 or more hexagonal faces to form a hollow sphere, cylinder, or similar figure.
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 molecule consisting of 60 carboncarbon
[Lat.,=charcoal], nonmetallic chemical element; symbol C; at. no. 6; interval in which at. wt. ranges 12.0096–12.0116; m.p. about 3,550°C;; graphite sublimes about 3,375°C;; b.p. 4,827°C;; sp. gr. 1.8–2.1 (amorphous), 1.9–2.3 (graphite), 3.
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 atoms. Buckytube is a generic term for cylindrical fullerenes.

buckyball

[′bək·ē‚bȯl]
(chemistry)

Buckyball

A molecule of carbon expected to have use in a variety of applications, especially in medicine and the treatment of cancer. Buckyballs are also used as a building block for many experimental materials. Known as "Fullerines" because the 60 atoms that make up their spherical molecule resemble Buckminster Fuller's geodesic domes, Buckyballs are lighter than plastic and stronger than steel. They also conduct heat and electricity. In 1985, Buckyballs were identified by three scientists who later received a Nobel Prize for the discovery. See nanotube and nanotechnology. See also Bucky Bit.
References in periodicals archive ?
Buckyballs are made up of 60 carbon atoms arranged in patterns of hexagons and pentagons matching a traditional football shape.
(75) In March they began selling the magnets online under the "Buckyballs" brand.
In the case of dielectric constant [[epsilon].sub.1] ~ 2.4 for the buckyball, the above-mentioned coefficients lie within the range from -0.4 to -0.9 and decrease with increasing L.
Reaction (1) produced a new buckyball [C.sub.72] (I) and forms nine butagons, six hexagons, and two nonagon cycles from the three coronene molecules.
Semeja una "tela metalica" pero por ser miembro de la familia de los fullerenos su origen puede derivar de la expansion de un buckyball (buckytube) de tamano no mayor de 1 nm.
Buckyballs and nanotubes turned out to have some unique properties not found in other forms of carbon.
Ahora se conoce que dentro de las buckyballs pueden encerrarse otros atomos, inclusive se ha podido lograr que la molecula tome la forma de un tubo hueco.
Growing knowledge about a molecule postulated in 1985, isolated in 1990, and first imaged in 1991 led to a flood of research on buckminsterfullerene (the "buckyball," for short), a soccer-ball-shaped molecule named for the inventor of the geodesic dome, another structure it resembles.
JILA researchers have measured hundreds of individual quantum energy levels in the buckyball, a spherical cage of 60 carbon atoms.
The Buckyball molecule was first discovered at Rice in 1985 and their curvature means they are very effective at binding the amine molecules that capture carbon dioxide.
For example, Battelle's Toxicology Northwest inhalation toxicology facility, Richland, Wash., has developed the capability to expose rodents to nanoscale spherical Buckminsterfullerene "buckyball" particles.