Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
Cover variables included percent tree cover (cumulative percent tree cover derived from line intercept) and percent cover of Buffaloberry
. Environmental variables included slope, wind speed, exposure, and snow depth.
Sand dunes: At Ridges Sanctuary, average amino sugar N concentration of soil beneath speckled alder was greater than both the adjacent and Canada buffaloberry
soil averages for amino sugar N concentrations (Table 2).
We collected gut-passed seeds in scat opportunistically while travelling trails in Glacier National Park, Montana (serviceberry and huckleberry) and Banff National Park, Alberta (buffaloberry
[Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt.] Fruit Production in Fire-successional Bear Feeding Sites," Journal of Range Management, 49:6 (1996), pp.
Unlike the typical stand of lodgepole pine or spruce, an aspen thicket has three or four layers of vegetation, from small trees like chokecherry and juniper down through shrubs like serviceberry, snowberry and buffaloberry
to a rich understory of wildflowers, grasses and sedges.
Other species such as honeylocust (Gleditsia triacanthos), hawthorn (Crataegus spp.), and buffaloberry
(Shepherdia spp.) have thorns, which may make them undesirable for some uses.
We looked toward the center, to the bare earth, the exploratory drill-rig, the dozer, and we named what had lived there: Ponderosa Pine, Utah Juniper, Gambel Oak, Cliff Rose, Four-winged Saltbush, Buckbrush, Buffaloberry
, Pale Wolfberry, Rabbitbush, Mormon Tea, Banana Yucca, Big Sagebrush--the sage that grows where the earth has been disturbed--soft, pale leaves that we crushed between our fingers, whose scent we breathed in deeply, knowing that we found it where trees and juniper had been chained.
In the western portion of the region, the understory vegetation is characterized by Shepherdia canadensis (buffaloberry
), whereas Ledum groenlandicum (Labrador tea) is more prominent on reference sites in the eastern portion (Fig.
These stands typically have a sparse understory of scattered buffaloberry
(Sheperdia canadensis) and common juniper (Juniperus communis), with heartleaf arnica (Arnica cordifolia) as the primary herbaceous species.
Native species include blueberry, chokecherry, buffaloberry
, gooseberry, raspberry, saskatoon, pincherry, cranberry, and plum.
Native species included green ash, American elm (Ulmus americana), boxelder (Acer negundo) and buffaloberry