bugbane


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bugbane,

any plant of the genus Cimicifuga, tall north-temperate perennials of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
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 family). The white spirelike bloom has a rank odor that attracts flies, which pollinate the plant. Common in woodlands of E North America is C. racemosa, black snakeroot, or black cohosh, whose root is used commercially as an herbal remedy for conditions associated with menopausemenopause
or climacteric
, transitional phase in a woman's life when the ovaries stop releasing eggs, ovarian production of estrogen and other hormones tapers off, and menstruation ceases.
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. (The most rigorous study of its use to treat menopause, however, reported in 2006 that it was not any more effective than a placebo.) Other plants are also called bugbane and snakeroot; most plants called cohosh belong to the related baneberrybaneberry,
any plant of the small genus Actaea, north temperate perennials of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup family) sometimes cultivated for the handsome (though poisonous) berrylike fruits.
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 genus. Bugbane is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the slender, arching inflorescences of Bugbane (Cimicifuga simplex) may be fading, or beaten down by a rainstorm, the Japanese anemones, so valuable for their late flowering, are abundant, flowering in the stoniest of places.
Black cohosh, also known as baneberry, black snakeroot, bugbane, rattleweed and rattleroot, grows in eastern North America, from southern Maine to Georgia (Ramsey, 1997).
Most recently, a Conservation Agreement was signed on February 26, 1999, for the Arizona bugbane (Cimicifuga arizonica), a herbaceous plant in the buttercup family.