building subsystems

building services

The utilities and services supplied and distributed within a building generally related to the building environment, including: heating, air-conditioning, lighting, water supply services, drainage services, electrical supply, gas supply, fire protection, and security protection.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Utility Grade INFRASTRUCTURE by Anixter, also known as UTG, is a new technology platform, assurance program and design approach that redefines the infrastructure layer to support building subsystems, technologies and applications.
At this year's event, Emirates Building Systems is showcasing products including structural steel, pre-engineered building, building subsystems, sheeting systems and steel decking, while Dubai Cranes manufactures overhead material handling equipment, wire rope hoists and industrial cranes.
ABGs are capable of representing and simulating static system structures and dynamic behaviours of different building subsystems. ABG's bicausal bond, extending from the bicausal bond introduced by Gawthrop (Gawthrop and Smith 1996), has two pairs of power variables attached to a bond.
This is achieved by identifying and activating tradeoffs that lead to efficient operation of the building subsystems, e.g., enabling the effective usage of available thermal storage such as building envelope and chilled water tanks for the HVAC subsystems.
"We are seeing that the market leaders in building subsystems such as security, access control, air conditioning, lighting and fire safety have started to embrace converged IP-based networking, which will lead to a broader adoption of twisted pair in much the same way that convergence occurred between voice and data services decades ago.
The conference agreement limited the deduction amount to $1.80 per square foot, with a partial deduction allowed for building subsystems. The Sec.
Re-directing the thinking to that of a "whole building" concept rather than separate, independently designed building subsystems
Operational activities in various building subsystems can be monitored to detect inefficient operating conditions, allowing for corrective action to be taken.
But he said that there was room for small member states with smaller contractors too, that it would be "absurd" for them to build combat aircraft where none already exist but that they "should aspire to building subsystems and components software put together by big contractors who would increasingly become systems integrators in the future".
Additionally, a partial deduction of 60 cents per square foot would be provided for building subsystems. (2)
Four appendices focus on types of buildings and building subsystems; sample financial statements and journal entries; detailed description of depreciation methods, techniques, and procedures; and appraisal and valuation services.

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