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antelope: see hartebeesthartebeest
, large African antelope, Alcelaphus bucelaphus. The hartebeest resembles a horse with horns. It has a very long face and a small hump between the shoulders; its coat is fawn or reddish and its ringed horns curve up and inward in a U shape.
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(bo͝ol`bo͝ol), bird, common name for members of the family Pycnonotidae, comprising 119 species of medium-sized, dull-colored passerine birds with short necks and wings, native to Africa and S Asia. Bulbuls are famed as songsters and are popular as cage birds in the Middle East; frequently mentioned in Persian poetry, the word bulbul is often mistranslated "nightingale." Bulbuls range in size from 6 in. (15 cm) to about 12 in. (30.5 cm). They inhabit grasslands and shrubby countrysides, from sea level to 10,000 ft (3,050 m) in the Himalayas. A common Asian species, the red-whiskered bulbul, Pycnonotus jocosus, is easily tamed and is popular as a cage bird. Bulbuls feed mainly on fruits and berries and sometimes do crop damage. They build cleverly concealed cup-shaped grass nests, in which the female lays from three to five eggs per clutch. Both parents brood the nestlings. Bulbuls are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Pycnonotidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



brachydactylous thrushes (Pycnonotidae), a family of birds of the order of sparrows. They have distinctive filiform feathers on head and back; coloration of males and females alike is in gray, olive-green, yellow, or brown tones. There are 15 genera incorporating 120 species; the bulbul is most widespread in the tropical and subtropical zones of the eastern hemisphere. In the USSR the red-eared bulbul (Microscelis amaurotis), the size of a thrush, is found on southern Sakhalin Island. There are three to five eggs in a clutch. The birds feed mainly on berries but also on insects. They sing well (hence the name: in Persian and Turkish bulbul is the nightingale).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's summertime, and Ahmet (Mehmet Bulbul) and his younger sister Ayse (Elif Bulbul) stick together, the boy extra-protective in the face of their uncertain home-life.
On bulbul browsing and the importance of detailed, illustrated field notes.
Eastwards, across the Suez Canal, or now both of them, the Common Bulbul is replaced by the ever so slightly more flamboyant Black-capped or White-spectacled Bulbul -- so good they named it twice.
But back to my bulbul browsing and my Stevenson and Fanshawe.
Similarly, the sweet chirping of bulbuls and pigeons coming from rooftops, courtyards of villas, balconies of apartment flats and from the outer portion of air-conditioners painstakingly reminds us of a blissful autumn morning.
Besides, one encounters species like white-eared and red-vented bulbuls, laughing doves, alexandrine and rose-ringed parakeets, house sparrows, white-throated munias and common mynas in a park, according to the author of 'Common birds of Qatar' Fran Gillespie.
Key words: Red vented bulbul, breeding biology, hatching successINTRODUCTION
There are 130 species of bulbul in worldwide, out of which 5 species are reported to occur in Pakistan (Lepage, 2007) and the R vented bulbul is one of them (Roberts, 1991).
Red-vented bulbul builds nests on wide range of plant species.
Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus, Grey-cheeked Bulbul Criniger bres and Ochraceous Bulbul C.
Excessive trapping has almost certainly already extirpated the Straw-headed Bulbul in DSNP, as it has in most areas in the Greater Sundas (van Balen 1997).
The DSNP area is important for a number of globally threatened, notably Storm's Stork, Lesser Adjutant, Wallace's Hawk-eagle, Crested Fireback and Wrinkled Hornbill, Straw-headed Bulbul (if still surviving), and offers unique opportunities for in-depth studies of their ecology and biology.