bulimia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to bulimia: anorexia, Bulimia treatment

eating disorders

eating disorders, in psychology, disorders in eating patterns that comprise four categories: anorexia nervosa, bulimia, rumination disorder, and pica. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by self-starvation to avoid obesity. People with this disorder believe they are overweight, even when their bodies become grotesquely distorted by malnourishment. Bulimia is characterized by massive food binges followed by self-induced vomiting or use of diuretics and laxatives to avoid weight gain. Some anorexic patients combine bulimic purges with their starvation routine. These disorders generally afflict women—particularly in adolescence and young adulthood—and are much less common among men. Some researchers believe that anorexia and bulimia are caused by chemical imbalances in the brain; one study has linked bulimia to deprivation of tryptophan, an amino acid used by the body to make the neurotransmitter serotonin. Others contend that these disorders are rooted in societal ideals that value slenderness. Rumination disorder generally occurs during infancy, and involves repeated regurgitation accompanied by low body weight. Infants suffering from rumination disorder may re-ingest the regurgitated food. Pica, also found primarily among infants, is characterized by eating various non-nutritive substances like plaster, paint, or leaves. Obesity is not generally considered an eating disorder, since its causes tend to be physiological.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

bulimia

see ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bulimia

 

voracious appetite, severe increase in appetite that usually comes on in the form of an attack and is accompanied by tormenting hunger, general weakness, and pain in the epigastrium. Bulimia occurs in some diseases of the central nervous system and the endocrine system and in certain mental illnesses. Treatment consists in attacking the cause.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bulimia

[bə′lēm·ē·ə]
(medicine)
Excessive, insatiable appetite, seen in psychotic states; a symptom of diabetes mellitus and of certain cerebral lesions. Also known as hyperphagia.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

bulimia

1. pathologically insatiable hunger, esp when caused by a brain lesion
2. a disorder characterized by compulsive overeating followed by vomiting: sometimes associated with anxiety about gaining weight
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Owens has spoken before about his struggles, appearing on the Panorama documentary exploring eating disorders last year - around the same time as he revealed that he had struggled with bulimia while refereeing in Argentina last summer.
They reveal how the 19-year-old used bulimia to take control of her life before her marriage in 1981.
As a recognized eating disorder, bulimia is listed in the mental health professional's DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders).
Third, brain dopamine could be a treatment target in bulimia nervosa using specific medication that targets those abnormalities.
Bulimia nervosa, as it's properly known, is a sister illness to anorexia nervosa but unlike anorexia it doesn't have obvious effects.
They studied the functional activity in neural circuits that subserve self-regulatory control in women with bulimia nervosa.
Participants were classified as having bulimia nervosa (BN) ([greater than or equal to] weekly binge eating and purging), binge eating disorder (BED) ([greater than or equal to] weekly binge eating, infrequent purging), purging disorder (PD) ([greater than or equal to] weekly purging, infrequent binge eating), other EDNOS (binge eating and/or purging monthly), or nondisordered.
In this book for professionals, cognitive therapists Zweig and Leahy present a 20-session treatment plan for working with clients with bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder.
Bilateral parotid enlargement as a consequence of bulimia nervosa has been well documented in the literature (1-4) Although the exact mechanism is not well understood, several hypotheses exist.
WOMEN with a history of anorexia or bulimia may take longer to get pregnant, according to new research.
A study of more than 11,000 women in the UK found 39.5 per cent of those with a history of anorexia and bulimia took longer than six months to conceive, compared to 25 per cent of women in the population.