Bulk Carrier

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bulk carrier

[¦bəlk ′kar·ē·ər]
(naval architecture)
A vessel designed to transport dry or liquid bulk cargo.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bulk Carrier

 

a cargo vessel that transports loose and piece cargo without packaging (in bulk). A distinction is made between bulk carriers suitable for transporting a broad assortment of cargoes (general-purpose bulk carriers) or for a single type (ore carriers, coal carriers, cement carriers, and so on). Bulk carriers may also be adapted for transporting liquid cargoes, motor vehicles, and containers. Bulk carriers do not ordinarily have loading equipment; they are loaded and unloaded by port equipment. Some ships are equipped with conveyor belts or pneumatic devices to unload the hold (self-unloading ships).

General-purpose bulk carriers are single-deck vessels with an engine room and stern superstructure, usually with underdeck tanks along the cargo holds. The design of general-purpose bulk carriers (particularly the design in the upper part of the cargo hold of the inclined walls, and also the alternation of full and empty holds) ensures longitudinal and transverse self-distribution of the cargo and eliminates the excess stability typical of conventional cargo ships. Bulk carriers are larger and have greater cargo capacity than other dry-cargo ships (up to 150, 000 tons). The speed of bulk carriers is usually about 28 km/hr (15 knots).

E. G. LOGVINOVICH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Controlling a fleet of around 700 ships, Oldendorff Carriers is Germany's largest operator of bulk carriers. Around 95% of Oldendorff's owned fleet is comprised of 'eco' newbuilds delivered since 2014, which are specifically designed for low fuel consumption and reduced carbon footprint.
Tan also said the port authority has acquired bulk handling facilities with four bagging equipment to accommodate bulk carriers at the CIP.
MHI says the new bulk carriers are designed to make an important contribution to international efforts to fight global warming, a demand that is especially strong in the case of oceangoing vessels.
The company has also won contracts from Chinese yards to supply deck machinery for VLCCs, Suezmax tankers and bulk carriers.
The bank said, 'In all, through market sources, it is believed Vale is marshalling a total fleet of 80 to 100 ULBCs, VLBCs (Very Large Bulk Carriers) and Large Capesize to get closer to the markets by creating a 'dedicated pipeline' for iron ore between Brazil & China.'
However, it took about 100 years for bulk carriers to come into their own, following World War II.
Bibby has moved away from LPG and chemical tankers into floating accommodation coastals and dry bulk carriers.
There is clearly something wrong with the bulk carriers and there appears to be an unwillingness on the part of the maritime authorities to tackle the problem.
The proposed directive seeks to implement uniformly the principles and provisions contained in the resolutions of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) - especially the body of rules for the loading and unloading of bulk carriers known as the Bulk Loading and Unloading Code - the purpose of which is to reduce the excessive constraints of the structure of bulk carriers during loading and unloading operations.