Bulk Carrier

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bulk carrier

[¦bəlk ′kar·ē·ər]
(naval architecture)
A vessel designed to transport dry or liquid bulk cargo.

Bulk Carrier

 

a cargo vessel that transports loose and piece cargo without packaging (in bulk). A distinction is made between bulk carriers suitable for transporting a broad assortment of cargoes (general-purpose bulk carriers) or for a single type (ore carriers, coal carriers, cement carriers, and so on). Bulk carriers may also be adapted for transporting liquid cargoes, motor vehicles, and containers. Bulk carriers do not ordinarily have loading equipment; they are loaded and unloaded by port equipment. Some ships are equipped with conveyor belts or pneumatic devices to unload the hold (self-unloading ships).

General-purpose bulk carriers are single-deck vessels with an engine room and stern superstructure, usually with underdeck tanks along the cargo holds. The design of general-purpose bulk carriers (particularly the design in the upper part of the cargo hold of the inclined walls, and also the alternation of full and empty holds) ensures longitudinal and transverse self-distribution of the cargo and eliminates the excess stability typical of conventional cargo ships. Bulk carriers are larger and have greater cargo capacity than other dry-cargo ships (up to 150, 000 tons). The speed of bulk carriers is usually about 28 km/hr (15 knots).

E. G. LOGVINOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
It will be capable of self-unloading its cargo at a rate of up to 10,000 t/h into bulk carriers of any size (including Valemax ships with a 400,000-deadweight-t capacity) or directly at the destination port in a safe and environmentally friendly manner.
Tan also said the port authority has acquired bulk handling facilities with four bagging equipment to accommodate bulk carriers at the CIP.
The bulk carrier LODESTAR GENESIS will discharge 13,500 tonnes of CHEMICAL, UBS CYPRUS is to load cement while others are arriving with containers on board.
The talks to build the three dry bulk carriers began between ADM and MHI.
Typical of modern bulk carriers was the Wanderer of 1973, depicted in an outstanding model on display in Merseyside Maritime Museum's Life at Sea gallery.
MV Shropshire is a 57,000-tonne dry bulk carrier commissioned before the recession really began to bite.
Danish shipping company D/S Torm (CPH:TORM) has agreed to sell two Panamax bulk carriers for USD42.
There is clearly something wrong with the bulk carriers and there appears to be an unwillingness on the part of the maritime authorities to tackle the problem.
The proposed directive seeks to implement uniformly the principles and provisions contained in the resolutions of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) - especially the body of rules for the loading and unloading of bulk carriers known as the Bulk Loading and Unloading Code - the purpose of which is to reduce the excessive constraints of the structure of bulk carriers during loading and unloading operations.
The Paterson fleet operates four bulk carriers hauling grain eastward from Thunder Bay, Duluth, Chicago and Toledo to the St.
Many bulk carriers specialize in such non-military loads as food concentrates or chemicals, he said.
An inquiry in 1987 blamed bad weather, but relatives and shipping experts say the Derbyshire and other bulk carriers had design faults.