In order of frequency the types were: boomerangs, shields, spear throwers, clubs, containers (coolamons, plates, boxes), walking sticks, stockwhip handles, bullroarers
and other miscellaneous objects (including table tops).
In the interests of universalising Aboriginal cultural property, he is displacing it from the interrelated context of place, people, language, dance, clap-sticks, bullroarer
, fire and ceremony, and is therefore introducing radical distortions.
The reorganization seems to have been fairly effective but the old beliefs were superseded by new Aboriginal ideas that arose during the chaos or were imported with Aboriginal migrants from other regions; e.g., the Kunapipi cult of the bullroarer
from the Roper River region seems to be superimposed on the local Kalwadi cult of the bullroarer
Klaus makes it clear that much of the music listed in the book is very difficult and cites several pieces that employ extended vocal techniques, Sprechstimme, aleatoric or improvisatory elements, microtones, and graphic notation, as well as a wide variety of nonstandard accompanimental instruments such as bones, bullroarer
, car horn, electric shaver, wrapping paper, and so on.
The string is fixed to a bullroarer
and this string is made of human hair that has been twisted strongly into form by a woman's manual labour, rolling string on thigh.
Either an embryo (ratapa), living in the metamorphosed body of an altjirangamitjina, enters the body of a woman passing by, in which case the child would be born with a narrow face, or a "totem ancestor" emerges from the earth and throws a small bullroarer
at a woman, in whose body the bullroarer
turns into a child which would then be born with a broad face.
A psychoanalytic study of the bullroarer
. Man 11:220-38.
Several techniques, as often documented in the area, were used to convince the initiates (and the excluded crowd of women) that these powerful entities were actually present through artefacts specifically made for this purpose: decorated water-holes, animated masks, eerie sounds of hidden trumpets, and bullroarers
and shadowy and complex figures displayed in the kurabu inside of which the initiates had to crawl after having been submitted to physical and psychological ordeals aimed at creating a receptive state of mind.
A growing interest in the animism of the object was further emphasized in Bullroarers
, an installation of skateboards that have been subjected to an electrical discharge of 9,000 volts.
The singing dunes serve as a leitmotif for the arrival of the airplane--which finds its form with the help of a chorus of bullroarers
causing the air to vibrate, evoking the din of an approaching engine.
The New Year and Christmas Romanian custom, many centuries old, is that those who go caroling and bidding the best for the year that is about to begin, with bullroarers
or Little Plough poems, the goat sketch, Sorcova (a sort of enchantment, old and heathen, spoken on the first morning of the year) and Steaua, referring to the "star in the east" (said to have led the three wise men to where Christ was born) reenactment tradition, wear masks and are organized into bands.
Ora Barlow, a Maori woman from New Zealand spoke of over 200 indigenous Maori instruments, which were lost when Christian missionaries discouraged their usage and then of a recent revival of some, including bullroarers
and ocarinas associated with ancient myths of their people and land.