# bundle

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Related to bundled: bundled software, bundled service

## bundle

1. Biology a collection of strands of specialized tissue such as nerve fibres
2. Botany short for vascular bundle
3. Textiles a measure of yarn or cloth; 60 000 yards of linen yarn; 5 or 10 pounds of cotton hanks
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

## Bundle

in mathematics, a two-parameter family of curves in the plane or in space that are linear functions of the parameters. Suppose F1, F2, and F3 are functions of two variables and none of the functions is a linear combination of the other two. The family of curves in the plane that are determined by the equation

(*) λ1F1 + λ2F2 + λ3F3 = 0

for all possible values of the parameters λ1, λ2, and λ3 (except for the case λ1 = 0, λ2 = 0, and λ3 = 0) constitutes a bundle. Equation (*) is in fact a function of two parameters—that is, of the two ratios λ1: λ2: λ3. In addition, it is immediately apparent that the parameters occur in this equation linearly. The equation of a bundle of surfaces in space is formed analogously. The three equations F1 = 0, F2 = 0, and F3 = 0 yield three elements of the bundle (three curves of three surfaces), which determine the entire bundle.

Bundles are usually considered whose elements are similar in certain respects; examples are a bundle of circles and a bundle of planes. We sometimes also speak of a bundle of lines in space; although the bundle is considered in space, its elements are curves rather than surfaces. Nevertheless, this case can be reduced to the case of a bundle of planes, since the pairwise intersections of elements of a bundle of planes determine a set of lines. In projective geometry, a bundle is understood to mean both sets—lines and planes—at once.

## bundle

[′bən·dəl]
(mathematics)
A triple (E, p, B), where E and B are topological spaces and p is a continuous map of E onto B ; intuitively E is the collection of inverse images under p of points from B glued together by the topology of X.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## bundle

(1) To sell hardware and software as a combined product or to combine several software packages for sale as a single unit. Contrast with unbundle. See bundled software and bundling.

(2) A collection of files that are treated as one. See APP file.
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References in periodicals archive ?
While the vast majority of bundled meals are offered at a price lower than the total price of the individual components (Estelami 1999; Fast Food Menu Prices 2015), it should be noted that there is a possibility that the savings may have induced the purchase of a bundle.
Game is also doing a PS4 bundled with Fifa 16, Little Big Planet 3 and the Now TV pass for PS284.99 Argos is offering the 500GB PS4 Call of Duty Black Ops III bundle for PS299.99 and you can add Rory Mcllroy PGA, F1 2015 or Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain for PS25.
Expanding market coverage with a bundled discount will improve the merged firm's profit only if the firm can recoup the profits by charging more on the stand-alone products.
The performance matrix and parasitic effects of these bundled structures were extracted with the help of carbon nanotube interconnect analyzer (CNIA) based on the input parameters for each case as discussed above.
The only option he gave me was that instead of the bundled offers he can give me Dh200 discount on the product.
This, of course, means that excess benefit plans using the same investments as the 401(k) are the most popular type of NQDC plan to be bundled.
"This Bundled Payment initiative responds to calls from the hospital and physician communities for a flexible approach to patient care improvement," says Donald Berwick, M.D., CMS administrator.
The new bundling program offers four ways that health care providers can receive a bundled payment, three of which provide payment retrospectively, and one that offers a prospective payment.
In Frame 2 and when they needed only one bundled product, promotion-focused respondents rated perceived loss for product B significantly lower than did prevention-focused respondents ([M.sub.promotion-focused] = 3.47, [SD.sub.promotion-focused] = 0.90, [M.sub.prevention-focused] = 4.10, [SD.sub.prevention-focused] = 0.95, F = 4.047, p = 0.052).
The company created a worksheet for its customer service representatives to use that showed the stand-alone rates on the right side and the bundled services on the left.
The Antitrust Modernization Commission (AMC), (3) some commentators, (4) at least one federal appellate court, (5) and (briefly) the Antitrust Division, (6) have embraced the "discount attribution rule" as at least an initial step in evaluating bundled discounts under section 2.
Small Business Administration has estimated that 34,221 new bundled contracts were awarded from 1992-2001, transferring \$840 billion of contract revenue from small to large businesses, and causing a 56 percent decline in the number of small businesses contracting with the government.

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