bunion

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bunion,

swelling or thickening around the first joint of the big toe. The toe is forced inward and compresses the other toes. The fluid-filled sac, or bursabursa
, closed fibrous sac lined with a smooth membrane, producing a viscous lubricant known as synovial fluid. Bursas are found in regions where muscles or tendons rub against other muscles, tendons, or bones.
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, in the toe joint becomes inflamed (a condition called bursitis), which may lead to pain, deformity, and an inability to wear ordinary shoes. Bunions may arise from years of wearing ill-fitting shoes. However, congenital bone deformities are usually indicated when they occur on both feet. Proper foot care, especially in selecting shoes, is the most important aspect of treatment and prevention. The toes can often be straightened by pads or splints, and orthopedic shoes are generally prescribed. Serious cases may require surgery.

bunion

[′bən·yən]
(medicine)
A swelling of a bursa of the foot, especially of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe; associated with thickening of the adjacent skin and a forcing of the great toe into adduction.

bunion

swelling of the first joint of the big toe, which is displaced to one side. An inflamed bursa forms over the joint
References in periodicals archive ?
WHAT IS A BUNION?It's a bony lump at the base of the big toe (on one or both feet), which makes it point towards the other toes at an angle.
Bunion surgery has a two to three-month recovery time, and swelling may persist for six months.
She said: "My mum has had surgery for her bunions but I've always said bunion surgery is a much bigger deal than most people realise.
The publication noted that Markle could have done the surgery in 2014 after suffering from bunions for at least four years.
The pain caused by a bunion ranges from mild to severe enough to affect walking.
Wearing tight, narrow shoes and high heels can make bunions worse.
Certain inherited foot traits increase the risk of bunions, but other factors can aggravate the condition, such as wearing tight shoes that crowd the toes and standing for long periods.
Corn pads, toe spacers (like those used in pedicures), and applying ice to a bunion can relieve swelling, as can NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen.
Instead, try relieving bunion pain by taping a spacer between your first and second toes (to keep the big toe aligned) and wearing wider shoes.
M2 EQUITYBITES-June 22, 2017-Additive Orthopaedics passes US FDA clearance for Intramedullary 3D Printed Bunion Correction System for the extremities market