burbot


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burbot

(bûr`bət): see codcod,
member of the large family Gadidae, comprising commercially important food fishes. The family, whose members are found in the N Atlantic and Pacific, includes the tomcods, the haddock, and the pollacks (or pollocks).
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Burbot

 

(Lota lota), a freshwater fish of the family Gadidae. There are two dorsal fins, and the chin has antennae. The scales are minute. The body is up to 1.2 m long and weighs up to 32 kg. Burbot are found primarily in the rivers of Europe, Asia, and America above 45° N lat. They are active in cold water, becoming sluggish at temperatures above 16°C. Sexual maturity is attained in the third or fourth year; fertility is from 33, 000 to 5 million eggs. In the winter the roe are deposited under the ice; the slightly adhesive eggs stay on the bottom. Burbot are predators, feeding on fish and bottom invertebrates. They are commercially valuable.

burbot

a freshwater gadoid food fish, Lota lota, that has barbels around its mouth and occurs in Europe, Asia, and North America
References in periodicals archive ?
"On lakes like Clearwater, on the other hand, with fewer whitefish and no burbot, pre-baiting is a necessity.
Utah and Wyoming have also recently held "burbot bash" fishing derbies within the Flaming Gorge Reservoir to help reduce numbers of this predator, which is known to escape the reservoir and threaten native fishes downstream.
Data source: Estonian state fishery statistics Fish 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 species tonnes Pikeperch 1081 899 619 652 508 672 646 Perch 492 345 744 804 1205 756 1061 Bream 324 396 367 531 435 578 577 Roach 218 202 202 187 196 225 207 Pike 100 113 55 65 46 100 153 Ruffe 8 16 63 74 40 8 2 Burbot 18 33 25 27 26 30 21 Whitefish 0.6 2.0 0.8 2.7 0.5 0.2 0.3 Others 84 1.7 0.3 0.7 4.5 0.6 3.7 Total 2326 2008 2076 2344 2461 2370 2671 Fish Average Mean, species 2006-2012 kg per ha tonnes % Pikeperch 725.3 31.5 4.6 Perch 772.4 33.5 4.9 Bream 458.3 19.8 2.9 Roach 205.3 8.8 1.3 Pike 90.3 3.9 0.6 Ruffe 30.2 1.3 0.2 Burbot 26 1.1 0.2 Whitefish 1 0.04 0.01 Others 1.6 0.06 0.01 Total 2310 100 14.7
The fish from these rivers were compared to burbot from 20 locations along the Pasvik River on the Norwegian-Russian border and along the Mackenzie River in Canada, where decades of studies have found high levels of mercury that make the fish unsafe.
"There was that time we put an eelpout (burbot) in Perry Good's livewell and by the next morning it had eaten all his chubs," Skarlis says.
International Burbot Symposium (2d: 2005: Anchorage, AK) Ed.
BURBOT used to be a prolific species in our rivers until the late Sixties when they became extinct in British waters.
40 The burbot or eelpout is one of the very few freshwater members of which fish family?
Fishers net and catch a variety of species: Kaktak (Arctic cisco), Anaglik (broad whitefish), Ikqaluipiq (Arctic char), grayling, Titaqliq (burbot), Dolly Varden, and even some salmon species.
Although the burbot is genetically a freshwater cod--the most revered food staple in the world--the burbot sadly is extended no such respect.
Those which can be considered as having either past or present economic value (both domestically and commercially) by their size and relative densities include arctic char, brook trout, cisco (lake herring), lake whitefish, northern pike, walleye, several species of sucker, burbot and lake sturgeon (Scott and Crossman, 1973).