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(bo͝osh`ĭdō, bo͞o`shĭdō) [Jap.,=way of the warrior], code of honor and conduct of the Japanese nobility. Of ancient origin, it grew out of the old feudal bond that required unwavering loyalty on the part of the vassal. It borrowed heavily from Zen Buddhism and Confucianism. In its fullest expression the code emphasized loyalty to one's superior, personal honor, and the virtues of austerity, self-sacrifice, and indifference to pain. For the warrior, commerce and the profit motive were to be scorned. The code was first formulated in the Kamakura period (1185–1333) and put into writing in the 16th cent.; the term itself, however, did not come into use until the 17th cent. It became the standard of conduct for the daimyodaimyo
[Jap.,=great name], the great feudal landholders of Japan, the territorial barons as distinguished from the kuge, or court nobles. Great tax-free estates were built up from the 8th cent.
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 and samuraisamurai
, knights of feudal Japan, retainers of the daimyo. This aristocratic warrior class arose during the 12th-century wars between the Taira and Minamoto clans and was consolidated in the Tokugawa period.
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 under the Tokugawa shoguns and was taught in state schools as a prerequisite for government service. After the Meiji restoration (1868), it was the basis for the cult of emperor worship taught until 1945.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the medieval code of conduct of the Japanese samurai. The code required fidelity to the feudal lord, recognition of war as the only activity worthy of a samurai, obligatory suicide (hara-kiri) in situations where the samurai’s “honor” was compromised, and contempt for the working classes. In imperialist Japan, bushido became a banner of chauvinism and was an integral part of Japanese racism and militarism.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This should hold true if we maintain adherence to our own form of 'bushido' and not turn into 'ronin' or, worse yet, be caught doing 'ninja moves'
Jon Woo opened Bushido after running a sushi restaurant in New York City for 15 years.
"We had 1,330 people attending the Monte Carlo party at Bushido to witness international DJ Lost Frequencies perform," she said.
The end of the week will be a highlight, with a special sushi show at the Bushido Friday Brunch.
, which printed a document dating back to 2010 showing Bushido had hired a close friend, business partner, and known member of an extended mafia family to be his lawyer.
After my father's death in 1989, I inherited a triple screw speedster of more than 100 feet (that means she had three engines and three propellers, not what you landlubbers first thought), but that particular Bushido almost broke me after I took her from Greece to the south of France on bunkers alone.
NEW ROLE Ian Archer and Amie Stevenson have set up Bushido Fitness offering personal training, exercise classes and dietary advice
Strongly Confucian in nature, Bushido stressed concepts such as loyalty to one''s master, self discipline and respectful, ethical behaviour.
Bushido was a code of conduct employed by Japan's samurai warriors in the 17th century and it emphasizes duty, respect and honor.
The Japanese political thought of Uchimura Kanzo (1861-1930); synthesizing Bushido, Christianity, nationalism, and liberalism.
What, in the Japanese chivalry code of bushido, was the ritual of seppuku?
Mouth), Kristin Jarvis (Maude and the Triangle of Death), Raymond Carr (David, Goliath, and Saul: A Story of Bushido) and Pamela Turner (Intelligent Design).