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bandits who terrorized the bush country of Australia in the 19th cent. The first bushrangers (c.1806–44) were mainly escaped convicts who fled to the bush and organized gangs. Their crimes were checked effectively by various Bushranging Acts passed after 1830. With the discovery of gold, however, bushrangers of a new type flourished from 1850 to 1880, largely brigand-adventurers who attacked gold convoys. The last of these were the men of the Kelly gang. This band of desperadoes was exterminated in 1880 when three members were trapped and killed at a hotel in Glenrowan, Victoria, and Edward (Ned) Kelly was hanged at Melbourne. Despite the frequent brutality of the gangs, they often held the status of folk heroes among the poor.


See studies by W. F. Wannan (1963) and T. A. Prior (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
HEAD TO HEAD: Bushranger, and (inset) Mastercraftsman
Heavy ground is forecast for this weekend's showpiece meeting and although it is not ideal for Bushranger, Wachman is keen to give him a run before a likely trip to Royal Ascot.
It is important to remember that this bushranger novel appeared three years before Henry Kingsley's The Fortunes of Geoffrey Hamlyn which is regarded as the beginning of Australian outback literature with the adventures of a bushranger as the central character.
The Bushranger colt was a shrewd pinhook success, as they had plucked the son of Tally-Ho Stud's young sire out of Tattersalls December for 70,000gns.
HUNT, Panla (text) The Wild Colonial Boys: Australia's Most Notorious Bushrangers Black Dog, 2008 56pp $16.
All the features which were to become the set pieces of writing on Gippsland are included in Haygarth's account: bush musters, hunting cattle in gullies, long horse rides in the forests, bushrangers hunted by mounted police, ex-convicts as station hands, bush shepherds living solitary- lives on outstations, the depredations of Aborigines, the excitement and dangers of exploring new country, the constant sense of isolation.
DAVID WACHMAN'S challengers Bushranger and Pursuit Of Glory have been handed high draws for their Breeders Cup assignments.
Of particular interest will be the performances ofWachman's two-year-olds Bushranger, in the Juvenile on Saturday and Pursuit Of Glory in the Juvenile Fillies on Friday.
vvBoost for Bushranger A sale where conformation is king, no stallion provided more than one yearling who achieved any of the top nine prices at the sale.
BUSHRANGER will attempt to continue David Wachman's tremendous season in today's Shadwell Middle Park Stakes at Newmarket.
Charles Harpur's play The Tragedy of Donohoe also on a bushranger was never performed