information system

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information system

[‚in·fər′mā·shən ‚sis·təm]
Any means for communicating knowledge from one person to another, such as by simple verbal communication, punched-card systems, optical coincidence systems based on coordinate indexing, and completely computerized methods of storing, searching, and retrieving of information.

information system

A business application in the computer. It is made up of the database, application programs and manual and machine procedures. It also encompasses the computer systems that do the processing.

Processing the Data
The database stores the subjects of the business (master files) and its activities (transaction files). The application programs provide the data entry, updating, query and report processing.

The Procedures
The manual procedures document how data are obtained for input and how the system's output is distributed. Machine procedures instruct the computer how to perform scheduled activities, in which the output of one program is automatically fed into another.

Transaction Processing
The daily work is the online, interactive processing of the business transactions and updating of customer, inventory and vendor files (master files).

Batch Processing
At the end of the day or other period, programs print reports and update files that were not updated on a daily basis. Periodically, files must be updated for routine maintenance such as adding and deleting employees and making changes to product descriptions. See transaction processing.

References in periodicals archive ?
After completing his PhD in financial economics and computer science with the University of Bristol, he worked for nine years as a consultant in the field of business information systems implementation and knowledge management.
Tolliver holds a bachelor s degree in business information systems and computer science from Ohio University.
in Business Information Systems from the University of Phoenix.
Changizi's extensive background in business information systems and IT strategy gives New Age the expertise needed to remain operationally nimble and vigorous.
He has held numerous positions at NYNEX, from Chairman, president and CEO of NYNEX Business Information Systems to VP, Sales of NYNEX Corporation.
Seamless integration with Microsoft Excel, as well as with installed business information systems from major ERP vendors, such as SAP, Oracle, JDEdwards, QAD, etc.

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