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1. Maths
a. a part of a line or curve between two points
b. a part of a plane or solid figure cut off by an intersecting line, plane, or planes, esp one between a chord and an arc of a circle
2. Zoology any of the parts into which the body or appendages of an annelid or arthropod are divided
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in mathematics. A segment of a line is the set of points on the line that are located between two points A and B; in Russian usage, the segment includes both A and B. In other words, a segment is the set of points of a line such that the coordinates of the points satisfy the condition axb, where a and b are the coordinates of the segment endpoints. Thus, the segment constitutes a closed interval and can be denoted by [a, b].



(1)A segment in the plane is a region bounded by a chord and the arc of the curve subtended by the chord. The area of the segment AmB of the circle in Figure 1 is the difference between the area of the sector OAmB and the triangle OAB.

Figure 1

(2) A segment in space is a part cut off from a solid by a plane. An example is a spherical segment.

(3) A segment of a line is the set of points on a line that are located between two points A and B. In Russian usage, the two points A and B are included in the segment. Thus, a segment is the set of points on a line whose coordinates satisfy the condition axb. (SeeINTERVAL AND SEGMENT.)



(also metamere), one of a series of homologous parts of the body of an animal, located along the long axis of the body. Segments may be similar to one another; for instance, among the most primitive annelids the entire complex of organs is repeated in each segment. Given the same general structure, complete similarity between segments may be destroyed by the absence of certain organs or by some change in the organs: these types of segments may be observed among arthropods. The segmentation of an animal’s body is also called metamerism.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(analytical chemistry)
A specific, demarcated portion of a lot of a substance that is to be chemically analyzed.
(computer science)
A single section of an overlay program structure, which can be loaded into the main memory when and as needed.
In some direct-access storage devices, a hardware-defined portion of a track having fixed data capacity.
A segment of a line or curve is any connected piece.
A segment of a circle is a portion of the circle bounded by a chord and an arc subtended by the chord.
A segment of a totally ordered Abelian group G is a subset D of G such that if a is in D then so are all elements b satisfying -aba.
In air operations, a basic functional division of an instrument approach procedure; it bears a fixed orientation with respect to the course to be flown; it is assigned specific geometric coordinates which uniquely determine its position; the location of the segment is assigned with respect to the obstacles in the operations area.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


/seg'ment/ 1. <architecture> A collection of pages in a memory management system.

2. <programming> A separately relocatable section of an executable program. Unix executables have a text segment (executable machine instructions), a data segment (initialised data) and a bss segment (uninitialised data).

3. <networking> network segment.

4. To experience a segmentation fault. Confusingly, the stress is often put on the first syllable, like the noun "segment", rather than the second like mainstream verb "segment". This is because it is actually a noun shorthand that has been verbed.

5. A block of memory in a segmented address space.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (


(1) Any partition, reserved area, partial component or piece of a larger structure. See overlay.

(2) One of the bars that make up a single character in an LED or LCD display.

(3) For DOS segment addressing, see paragraph.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Looking ahead, the Group will spare no effort to enhance its application of PLC technology with obvious advantages in costing and implementation as a much-suited alternative technology, at the same time, explore opportunity to further expand its SMIA business segment. Leveraging on the technology-based synergy among the Group's business segments, the Group not only be able to facilitate application of its PLC technology by creating a significant network communication on vast site areas, but also further expanded its technology base for other industrial applications, thus, to reinforced the Group's leading position in order to capture new profit-driven opportunities and deliver a more diversified growth in the long run.
The construction business segment posted P3.7 billion in revenues, 11ercent lower than the comparable period.
The sale of the enterprise to a strong financial investor is seen in a positive light by Huhtamaki Films and its staff, because "a change of ownership to DBAG offers the films business segment and its employees a great way to achieve its growth targets and develop its business further," Wahsner continues.
The review will evaluate a full range of strategic alternatives for Sequenom's Genetic Analysis business segment.
Under the Transportation Infrastructure Business segment, a new Rs315 crore order has been received from Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd.
"Our commitment to quality is further supported through our expanded branch network, our new SME business segment and our improved product offerings.
The equipment business segment is a distant second in terms of contribution to group profit.
oil to a[logical not]9.64/share to incorporate higher front end costs for the setup of its new business segment. At the same time we remain positive on the stock and believe its poor performance in 2011 (a40% YtD) is fundamentally unjustified.
Aspiro's Music business segment increased sales by over 180% year-on-year and the number of paying users passed 300,000, which is double the level at the end of the first quarter.
The increase in earnings reflects the impact of stronger results in the Company's Supply Chain Solutions (SCS) and Fleet Management Solutions (FMS) business segments. Improved SCS business segment results were driven by stronger automotive volumes.
The EPS Processing business segment registered a positive result (EBIT) of EUR 860,000, although it was lower than the EUR 1.44 million booked in the prior-year period.
The logistics business segment was forced to deal with a major demand-related revenue slump in 2009 and posted a significant operating loss.

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