butane


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Related to butane: propane

butane

(byo͞o`tān), C4H10, gaseous alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
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, a hydrocarbon that is obtained from natural gas or by refining petroleum. It can be liquefied at room temperature by compression. There are two structural isomersisomer
, in chemistry, one of two or more compounds having the same molecular formula but different structures (arrangements of atoms in the molecule). Isomerism is the occurrence of such compounds. Isomerism was first recognized by J. J. Berzelius in 1827.
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 of butane. In normal butane, or n-butane, the four carbon atoms are joined in a continuous, unbranched chain; in isobutane, or 2-methylpropane, three of the carbon atoms are joined to the fourth by single bonds, resulting in a branched structure. The two isomers differ in certain of their chemical and physical properties, e.g., liquid n-butane has a higher boiling point (−0.6°C;) at atmospheric pressure than that of liquid isobutane (−10.2°C;).

butane

[′byü‚tān]
(organic chemistry)
C4H10 An alkane of which there are two isomers, n and isobutane; occurs in natural gas and is produced by cracking petroleum.

butane

a colourless flammable gaseous alkane that exists in two isomeric forms, both of which occur in natural gas. The stable isomer, n-butane, is used mainly in the manufacture of rubber and fuels (such as Calor Gas). Formula: C4H10
References in periodicals archive ?
According to previous statements by Mohamed Hassanein Radwan, former undersecretary of the Ministry of Petroleum for natural gas projects, each consumer with natural gas connected to their home saves the state about $110 on its import bill of butane gas.
Kim, a South Korean, who first brought butane canisters and a small portable stove to him.
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Despite the increase, the price of butane in Mali remained lower than the prevailing prices in other countries in the west African sub-region, according to the statement.
Bill Smith Butane offers propane refill, tanks and cylinders in addition to delivering refined fuels to the Texas area.
The consumers calimed that they stood for two hours to get a butane cylinder.
The corporation is examining an offer from Sonatrach, an Algerian firm, to provide 40,000 tons of butane gas in June, the sources told Al-Masry Al-Youm.
These portable, butane-heated and butane powered machines produce flow rates of 5 GPM and pressure levels to 3000 psi.
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Holly Fletcher had her whole life before her when she died after inhaling butane gas from a lighter.
Dubai Police will arrest people who inhale butane gas, a police official said.