Buteo

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Buteo

 

(buzzards), a genus of predatory birds of the family Accipitridae. The body length is 38–66 cm. Buzzards have broad wings and a short, broad tail, which enable the birds to soar in their search for food. The coloration is monochrome brown, red, or gray above; the underparts are spotted, striped, or, less commonly, of a single color. A clutch may yield both light- and dark-colored birds.

There are 25 species of buzzards, distributed in Europe, Africa, Asia (except the southeast), and the Americas. Four species are found in the USSR: the common buzzard (B. buteo) inhabits the forest and forest-steppe zones, the rough-legged buzzard (B. lagopus) is found in the tundra, the long-legged buzzard (B. rufinus) dwells in dry steppes and deserts, and B. hemilasius is found from the mountain steppes of Central Asia to the watersheds of the Tien-Shan, the southeastern Altai, and Transbaikal area. The northern species of Buteo are migratory.

Buzzards nest in trees or on cliffs overlooking coasts. A clutch contains two to five eggs, which are white or greenish white with rust markings. The eggs are incubated for 28 to 32 days, most often by the female. Buzzards feed on rodents, lizards, frogs, birds, and insects.

References in periodicals archive ?
North America's most widely distributed buteo is the red-tailed hawk, a large, stocky, barrel-chested bird with an appetite for almost anything, including rodents, rabbits, skunks, frogs, lizards, toads, turtles, spiders, cats and snakes.
And the big buteos stand less chance of colliding with your patio windows .
The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (2002) has designated several grassland raptors as "Birds of Conservation Concern" in the shortgrass prairie region (ferruginous hawk), as well as nationally (ferruginous hawk; Swainson's hawk, Buteo swainsoni).
2008) quantified land cover around Buteo nests in Cimarron and Texas counties in Oklahoma, but did not include the Rita Blanca National Grassland, an area of high nesting density of ferruginous hawks.