butterfly fish


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

butterfly fish,

common name for certain members of the Chaetodontidae, a family of reef-dwelling tropical fishes with compressed bodies and small mouths and teeth. Butterfly fish are carnivorous, feeding on crabs, barnacles, and other invertebrates. The fast and aggressive common butterfly fish, 5 to 8 in. (12.5–20 cm) long, is marked by dark lines through the eyes and near the tail. The angelfishesangelfish,
common name for certain members of the Pomacanthidae, a family of brightly colored reef-dwelling tropical fishes with compressed bodies and small mouths and teeth.
..... Click the link for more information.
 were formerly classified with the butterfly fishes but are now treated as a separate family. The butterfly fishes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Chaetodontidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Just like butterfly fish, skipper butterflies rely on jumping ballistic movements to evade predators, but they propel themselves through the air, not the water.
Ocean specialists have spotted larvae of butterfly fish, angelfish, and other tropical sea life floating in coastal waters as far north as Woods Hole, Mass.
Schools of wrought iron butterfly fish darted back and fourth in the clear water; the island is renowned for these yuzen tama (butterfly fish clusters) as well as for its varieties of butterfly and angelfish.
Inside the specially converted classroom and laboratory, some are cutting out butterfly fish and sharks from pieces of cardboard, while others slosh brightly coloured paint onto what will become a backdrop for a play they plan to perform.
Multi-hued parrotfish, fluttery butterfly fish, small stingrays and comical pork fish dart among the snorkelers.
The most common families are the Pomacentridae (angelfish, damselfish and clownfish), the Holocentridae (soldierfish and squirrelfish), Chaetodonitidae (butterfly fish) Acanthuridae (surgeonfish, named for the sharp spines at the base of the tail), the Muraenidae (moray eels), the Serranidae (sea-bass and groupers), the Scaridae (parrotfish, named for the shape of their mouths, capable of rasping the hard coral), and the Balistidae (triggerfish).
If you think the term "reef fish" applies only to those dainty butterfly fish you see in aquariums, you might be interested to know that surgeonfish, sea chubs, unicornfish, porgy, and other weird, good-eating ocean fish commonly break the 10pound mark.
We looked another way, and there were pairs of butterfly fish swimming together.
For example, the 20-inch long Butterfly Fish pictured here will cost you a cool pounds 250.
And all around are the brilliantly-coloured fish of the coral reef - a pair of angel fish with eyes only for each other; pink and turquoise parrot fish; butterfly fish and sea cucumbers who look like giant caterpillars.
And decide that to get more attention, they'll outfit the teams in uniforms the color of those long-nose butterfly fish."
But also absent were things like butterfly fish, which people like to look at."