butyl rubber

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to butyl rubber: Polyisobutylene

butyl rubber:

see rubberrubber,
any solid substance that upon vulcanization becomes elastic; the term includes natural rubber (caoutchouc) and synthetic rubber. The term elastomer is sometimes used to designate synthetic rubber only and is sometimes extended to include caoutchouc as well.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Butyl Rubber


a synthetic rubber that is a product of the copolymerization of isobutylene (I) and a small quantity (1-5 percent) of isoprene (II); it has the general formula

Butyl rubber is obtained by the cationic copolymerization of monomers in a solution of methyl chloride or ethyl chloride at temperatures of about -100° C (the catalyst is aluminum chloride). Butyl rubber is a product of light-yellow color with a density of 920 kg/m3 (0.92 g/cm3), insoluble in alcohols, ethers, ketones, dichlorethane, aniline, and nitrobenzene and resistant to the action of water. Butyl rubber is characterized by low gas permeability, second in this respect only to polysulfide rubber: the coefficients of gas permeability for butyl rubber by hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen are 55 × 10-18, 9.9 × 10-18, and 2.47 × 10-18 m2/(sec . newton/m2), or 5.5 × 10-8, 0.99 × 10-8, and 0.247 × 10-8cm2/(sec. kg-force/cm2), respectively. The absence of double bonds in the majority of mers of the macromolecules of butyl rubber accounts for the resistance of butyl rubber to the action of oxygen, ozone, and light and, at the same time, also for the retarded vulcanization of the rubber. (So-called chlorbutyl rubber and brombutyl rubber, which significantly exceed initial butyl rubber in rapidity of vulcanization, are obtained by halogenization of butyl rubber.)

Butyl rubber is vulcanized by means of sulfur (in this case ultra-accelerators are used), dinitroso compounds, and alkyl-phenol-formaldehyde resins.

The capacity of butyl rubber to crystallize upon stretching makes it possible to obtain high-strength pure resins from it. Upon the introduction of active fillers (mainly carbon black), the strength is unchanged or in some cases even decreased, but the other physicochemical properties of cured rubbers made from butyl rubber are increased (see Table 1).

Table 1. Properties of pure and black-filled cured rubbers made from Soviet-made butyl rubber
1 TM-2 is a Soviet instrument for measuring microhardness
Tensile strength [MN/m2 (kgf/cm2)].............23 (230)23 (230)
Modulus when stretched 500% [MN/m2 (kgf/cm2)].............1.2(12)11 (110)
Tear resistance (kN/m or kgf/cm)985
Hardness according to TM-2 (arbitrary units)13065

The principal merits of cured rubbers made from butyl rubber are their resistance to the action of many aggressive mediums, including alkalies, hydrogen peroxide, and certain vegetable oils; high dielectric properties [specific volume electric resistance, 1014 ohms m (1016 ohms cm); dielectric permeability, 2.1-2.3], which are maintained after prolonged immersion of the cured rubbers in water; gas impermeability; and heat resistance. The cured rubbers made from butyl rubber that have the greatest heat resistance are those that are vulcanized with aklyl-phenol-formaldehyde resins. The disadvantages of cured rubbers made from butyl rubber are low rebound elasticity at room temperature (˜ 10 percent), high residual compressive strain, and high heat buildup under dynamic influences.

Butyl rubber is manufactured in the form of briquettes weighing about 30 kg. The commercial brands of butyl rubber include BK (USSR), Enjay Butyl and Bucar Butyl (USA), Esso Butyl (England), and Plastugil Butyl (France). The most important field of usage of butyl rubber is in tire production. In addition, butyl rubber is used in the manufacture of rubberized fabrics, various rubber products that are resistant to high temperatures and aggressive mediums, and so on. The production capacity for butyl rubber in the capitalist countries in 1970 was about 360, 000 tons.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

butyl rubber

[′byüd·əl ‚rəb·ər]
A synthetic rubber made by the polymerization of isoprene and isobutylene.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

butyl rubber

Synthetic rubber that is made by the polymerization of isoprene and isobutylene; provides good resistance to aging, weathering, and high levels of moisture.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Commenting on the halogenated butyl rubber unit, Mr Nikhil Meswani, Executive Director, RIL, said, "RSEPL's halogenated butyl rubber plant will be well-poised to capitalise on the significant surge in regional demand in tyre and pharmaceutical industries.
Increasing utilization of butyl rubbers for end-use applications such as tyre & tubes, various mechanical automotive components e.g.
Butyl rubber is of prime importance due to its wide ranging applications.
Japan Butyl Co Ltd, a butyl rubber manufacturing company, is a joint venture of ExxonMobil Yugen Kaisha and JSR Kabushiki Kaisha.
The expansion is part of the firm's commitment to help meet increasing demand for butyl rubber and indicates the company's recent advances in process technology.
A new line of TPEs from GLS Corp., McHenry, Ill., boasts more than 10 times the oxygen barrier of conventional TPEs, making it thereby equivalent to thermoset butyl rubber for healthcare packaging and delivery systems.
It has a high tack butyl rubber adhesive that is designed for initial adhesion even in cold weather.
Manufacturers commonly make protective garments out of butyl rubber, which blocks vapors and liquids.
The cost reductions will clearly be available in truck tyres which use a lot more butyl rubber."
Tire-curing bladder is commonly made of resin-cured butyl rubber because of its excellent thermal stability and air impermeability.
The ear pads are made of a soft and pliable butyl rubber material for an acoustic seal and the best hearing protection.
Four two-piece isolators--with a micro-cellular upper and butyl rubber lower--are fitted between the frame and body for greater road isolation.