Cacodyl

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Related to cacodylic: Cacodylic acid, dimethylarsinic acid

cacodyl

[′kak·ə‚dil]
(organic chemistry)
(CH3)2 As-A radical found in, for example, cacodylic acid, (CH3)2 AsOOH.

Cacodyl

 

a radical of dimethylarsine (CH3)2As—. Cacodyl enters into the composition of the so-called cacodyl compounds, which include dicacodyl (tetramethyldiarsine) (CH3)2As—As(CH3)2, cacodyl oxides (oxides of dimethylarsine) (CH3)2AsO, and cacodyl chlorides (dimethylchloroarsine) (CH3)2AsCl.

References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly, cacodylic acid (dimethylarsinic acid--pentavalent) was not cytotoxic at levels < 400 [micro]M (data not shown).
1996), woodworkers (McCunney 1999), and those with exposure to the herbicides 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), 2,4,5-T (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid) and its contaminant TCDD, cacodylic acid, and picloram (Dich et al.
Four arsenic standards were purchased, including sodium arsenate (AsV; Pfaltz & Bauer Inc., Waterbury, CT), arsenious oxide (AsIII; 99.999% purity; GFS Chemical Inc., Powell, OH), MMA (97% purity; Chem Service, West Chester, PA), and cacodylic acid (DMA; 99% purity; Pfaltz & Bauer, Inc.).
Key words: Agent Orange, cacodylic acid, defoliants, 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid, exposure opportunity, geographic information system, GIS, herbicides, military, picloram, 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy acetic acid, Vietnam.
Bioassays have been reported that show DMAA (cacodylic acid), typical of organic arsenicals, induced cancer of the urinary bladder in rodents, a site concordant with that seen in humans (28), and DMAA also promoted tumors of the urinary bladder as well as of several other organs: kidney, lung, liver, skin (fibrosarcomas), and thyroid glands in rats (30-33).