In addition, studies have identified the following components: eugenol (70-80%), 1,8-cineol, [alpha]-humulene, [beta]-caryophyllene and cadinene
derivatives (Tucker et al.
Other components of the oil include (-)-alpha-bisabolol oxide A and B, (-)-alpha-bisabolone oxide A, spiroethers (cis- and trans- en-yn-dicycloether), sesquiterpenes (anthecotulid), cadinene
, farnesene, furfural, spathulenol, and proazulene (matricarin and matricin).
Brun and Mossi  identified 15 compounds in an oil from the leaves of surinam cherry trees from Erechim--RS--ocimene, [beta]-elemeno, [beta]-caryophyllene, elemeno, trans-caryophyllene, bicyclogermacrene, curzerene, cadinene
, germacrenol B, spathulenol, selina-1,3,7(11)-trien-8-one, astragalone, furanedione, germacron and oxidoselina-1,3,7(11)-trien-8-one.
Studies on peppermint and its species shows that its leaf and essential oil include such components as acetaldehyde, amyl alcohol, esters of mannitol, limonene, pinene, phellandrene, cadinene
, pulegone, dimethyl sulfide, alpha-pinene, sabinene, terpinolene, ocimene, gamma-terpinene, alpha- and betathujone, and citronellol.
This compound of a cadinene
skeleton with a unique 1,2,4-trioxane segment, responsible for antimalarial activity of A.
The cade oil contains mainly carbides including cadinene
(a) and guaiacol (b): a phenol (Figure 9) .
brasiliensis apolar extracts revealed the presence of triterpenes and sesquiterpenes, such as hidroxigermacreno, lupeol, [beta]-amyrin acetate, spathulenol, cadinene
, cadinol, oplopanona acetate, and [alpha]-acetoxy-[beta]-amyrin (20).
betle leaf oil is known to contain primarily a class of allylbenzene compounds such as chevibetol, chavicol, hydroxychavicol (allylpyrocatechol, APC), estragole, eugenol, methyl eugenol, monoterpenes, para-cymene and terpinene, monoterpenoids, eucalyptol, and carvacrol, as well as sesquiterpenes, cadinene
, and caryophyllene.
The seeds and fruits of the plant contain d-[alpha]-pinene, camphene, pectins, glycolic acid, malic acid, formic acid, acetic acid, cyclohexitol, terpene, proteins, fermentable sugars, wax, gum, ascorbic acid, dihydrojunene, [beta]-pinene, hydrocarbon-junene, cadinene
, juniper, and camphor .
Isoborneol, borneol and cadinene
demonstrated antiseptic properties, combined with the ability of juniper oil to stimulate kidney activity contributes to its use as a mild diuretic and as a hypotensive agent (Brandies 1996, Jean Valnet 1982, and Marcel 1990).
Moreover, manool, E-nerolidol, germacrene D, benzyl benzoate, palmitic acid, methyl palmitate d- Cadinene
and anthranilic acid, were identified as the major components.