Caesarean section


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cesarean section

cesarean section (sĭzârˈēən), delivery of an infant by surgical removal from the uterus through an abdominal incision. The operation is of ancient origin: indeed, the name derives from the legend that Julius Caesar was born in this fashion. Until advancements in the late 19th cent., the mother generally died in surgery. The procedure was also aided by antisepsis, anesthetics, and other developments that made surgery as a whole more successful. Cesarean section is performed nowadays when factors exist that make natural childbirth hazardous, such as an abnormally narrow pelvis, pelvic tumors, hemorrhage, active infection with herpes simplex, multiple births, or an abnormal position of the fetus within the uterus. Subsequent deliveries are largely also by cesarean section. In the last few decades there has been a significant increase in the number of cesarean sections performed; among the factors encouraging the rise are the increase in malpractice litigation arising from problems attendant to vaginal deliveries and the information provided by the many new devices that monitor the well-being of the fetus in the uterus.
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Caesarean section

surgical incision through the abdominal and uterine walls in order to deliver a baby
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Cohort 'A' includes all cases with history of at least one previous caesarean section. Total number of cases were 30 (nA = 30).
Dr Patrick O'Brien, consultant and honorary senior lecturer in obstetrics and gynaecology at the University College London Hospitals (UCLH) in London, revealed in his discussion that the caesarean section rate is rising steadily in almost every country in the world, reaching as high as one in three of all births in many developed countries.
A prospective observational cohort study was conducted in department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Medical College, Thrissur for a period of 1 year from January 2016--December 2016 after permission was obtained from IRB in patients between 18-45 years who underwent primary caesarean section and secondary caesarean section with no prior history of any abdominal surgeries other than previous caesarean were selected.
Worldwide, caesarean section rates have been steadily increasing, without significant benefit to the health of women or their babies.
In the study of Kafali et al.24 with women who delivered by caesarean section (n:150), women in the experimental group flatulated 22.4 hours after surgery and women in the control group flatulated 31 hours after surgery.
When a narrow and small pelvic is the reason for a Caesarean Section, it is usually advised that subsequent deliveries should also be by Caesarean Sections.
Spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section: fluid loading, vasopressors and hypotension.
Meanwhile, mothers having caesarean sections increased from 157,429 to 169,058.
Placental implantation and migration following a previous caesarean section scar.
Eighteen government hospitals in greater Johannesburg offer maternity care, including caesarean section; this study was conducted in 13 of the hospitals--3 tertiary referral, 7 regional and 3 district hospitals.