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, Caesarian (US), Cesarean, Cesarian
1. of or relating to any of the Caesars, esp Julius Caesar (100--44 bc), Roman general, statesman, and historian
2. Surgery
a. short for Caesarean section
b. (as modifier): Caesarean birth



an operation for artificial delivery of a fetus in which the fetus and placenta are removed through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and the body of the uterus.

A cesarean is performed on a live fetus when the woman is unable without assistance to bear the child alive (when the pelvis is narrow or deformed or in the presence of severe cicatricial changes of the vagina or placenta praevia). When there is excessive or acute hemorrhage, a cesarean is performed even on a dead or nonviable fetus in order to save the mother. The term “cesarean” formerly was incorrectly associated with the legend of the birth of the Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar by means of a similar operation.

References in periodicals archive ?
DISCUSSION: From 1970 to 2007 the caesarian delivery rate in the United States rose from 4.
The Indian council of medical research on 33tertiary care institutions noted that average caesarian section rate increased from 21.
When Fiona fell pregnant again she wrongly assumed she would have to have another caesarian section but daughter Rosie was delivered naturally on July 5.
Steve Wild, clinical director for obstetrics and gynaecology at the trust said they recorded their lowest caesarian section rate for three years.