Cafeteria


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restaurant

restaurant, a commerical establishment where meals can be bought and eaten. In the 16th cent. English inns and taverns began to serve one meal a day at a fixed time and price, at a common table, and usually distinguished by a special dish. The meal was called the ordinary, and inn dining rooms and eating places generally began to be called ordinaries. Famous among those in London were the Castle, much frequented by luminaries, and Lloyd's, a meeting place for merchants. In the 17th cent. the ordinaries became fashionable clubs, gambling resorts, and eventually centers of such intense political activity that they were closed by Charles II in 1675. In France, a loose equivalent of the ordinary called the table d'hôte, which served a standard daily meal, usually roasted meat, at a communal table, was popular by the mid-18th cent. The name restaurant was first used (c.1765) for a Paris establishment serving light (“restoring”) dishes. By the late 18th cent., the Parisian restaurant had become a place offering single servings from a somewhat varied menu and seating at private tables. After the French Revolution, many former chefs of aristocratic houses opened restaurants. While the revolutionaries had favored the egalitarian table d'hôte, the bourgeoisie of the Restoration transformed the restaurant into a French institution that flourished in the 19th cent. and thereafter.

Early American taverns and inns resembled those of England. The White Horse Tavern in Newport, R.I. (founded 1673), claims to be the oldest. Fraunces Tavern (see under Fraunces, Samuel) in New York was a famous meeting place. The first modern restaurant in New York City was opened (c.1831) by John and Peter Delmonico. The self-service restaurant, or cafeteria, was originated in the United States by philanthropic organizations to help working women secure cheaper meals. The idea was rapidly adopted by commercial restaurants, business organizations, and schools. An outgrowth of the cafeteria was the automat, which first opened in 1902 in Philadelphia and offered prepared food that was displayed behind small glass doors and could be purchased by depositing coins into a slot, which opened the doors. Although the last automat closed in 1991, the idea survives in the fully automated vending area, in which prepackaged food and drinks are dispensed from coin-operated machines. In the 1920s and 30s, diners, quick, cheap eating places resembling railroad dining cars, became popular places to eat. Car service restaurants, or drive-ins, first appeared in Florida during the 1930s. The foods sold at lunch counters and drive-ins was called fast food: hamburgers, hotdogs, french fries, and milk shakes. The franchising of fast-food restaurants has led to a boom in these establishments, and today millions of people throughout the world eat at fast-food chains such as McDonald's. Since World War II, most major cities have experienced a proliferation of ethnic restaurants.

Bibliography

See J. Finkelstein, Dining Out (1989); R. L. Spang, The Invention of the Restaurant (2000); A. B. Trubek, Haute Cuisine: How the French Invented the Culinary Profession (2000); A. Haley, Turning the Tables: Restaurants and the Rise of the American Middle Class, 1880–1920 (2011).

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What does it mean when you dream about a cafeteria?

Food in varieties and in abundance such as in a cafeteria or an “all one can eat” environment may suggest ideas that need to be digested. The statement “food for thought” may be a meaningful way of understanding this dream. Too much may mean one is fed up with a condition or relationship. If fear surrounds the selection of food, the dream may be indicating the basic fight or flight response to something threatening to eat you, or that a lot has been “eating at” the dreamer lately.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chinese reports say that students who discovered the corpse of the whale called local police, after which the manager of the cafeteria immediately disappeared, taking the whale with him, before authorities arrived.
The mechanics of the cafeteria plan works much like a cafeteria that serves food as mentioned above.
School Superintendent Maureen Marshall said the district had examined the possibility of outsourcing the cafeteria operation in an effort to make it self-sufficient, as well as eliminating more than $100,000 for insurance and other benefits from the operating budget.
A cafeteria "is a restaurant in which the customers are seated at a counter and carry their meals to tables." Does this bring to mind a bacchanal?
In order to increase participation in these types of plans, Kushner feels it is important that the owners of the more typical small business entities be considered "employees" for purposes of cafeteria plans.
Health premium-only cafeteria plans cost about $100 per year per employee to administer, and several national companies compete for this business.
The flexibility of a cafeteria benefit package helps meet varied employee needs.
The proposed regulations make enough changes that most cafeteria sponsors will have to change plan documents, Relland predicts.
This tension in the cafeteria Catholic comes to the fore when he is confronted with teachings that are particularly uncomfortable and conflicting with his opinions and even his lifestyle.
723 that would allow cafeteria plans of all sizes to offer long-term care insurance as an optional benefit; permit the carryover of unused flexible spending account funds; simplify and increase dependent care accounts; and curtail the "use it or lose it" rule, which causes employees to forfeit their own dollars to their employers when the dollars are not spent on health care or dependent care.
The AICPA said cafeteria plans should be offered to small business employees as well as employees of larger companies and government agencies.
Children are brought to the basement cafeteria by their teachers.