withdrawal

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withdrawal

the period a drug addict goes through following abrupt termination in the use of narcotics, usually characterized by physical and mental symptoms (withdrawal symptoms)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Withdrawal

 

troop actions undertaken in order to lead units away from enemy strikes and to occupy favorable lines for defense, to conduct a counterattack, to shorten the front, or to gain time.

A withdrawal may be accompanied by a disengagement or be carried out deliberately without contact with the enemy. A withdrawal accompanied by a disengagement is carried out under the cover of specially assigned subunits, which, by actively engaging the enemy, ensure the secrecy and successful execution of the withdrawal. A withdrawal of the main forces is covered by rear guards and rear and flank march security detachments, as well as by laying ambushes, setting up obstacles, and carrying out demolition work. A withdrawal may be executed only by order of a senior commander.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers at Johns Hopkins found that caffeine withdrawal causes headache, fatigue, sleepiness, and difficulty concentrating.
Steadily cutting back can decrease the discomfort, although it may not entirely prevent caffeine withdrawal, Juliano says.
Caffeine withdrawal might be hard, but limiting your intake of coffee or energy drinks to one a day will be beneficial, as caffeine is a diuretic and can lead to excessive urination and dehydration if consumed in large amounts.
For those who suffer from severe caffeine withdrawal symptoms during Ramadan, doctors recommend that caffeine intake gradually be reduced two to three weeks before the start of Ramadan (a tip to remember for next year) so as to minimize the headaches that result from a sudden drop in caffeine levels.
CAFFEINE WITHDRAWAL THESE headaches, which usually occur at weekends in coffee drinkers, are triggered by caffeine withdrawal.
"So if caffeine makes you feel energized and alert, then caffeine withdrawal may make you feel tired or foggy," he says.
Five or more of those symptoms after drinking coffee could lead to a diagnosis of caffeine intoxication, and caffeine intoxication might lead to distress or impairment, according to LiveScience, which also reports the latest edition adds caffeine withdrawal - otherwise known as the headache, fatigue, depression and the inability to concentrate, for those of us who know what it is like to be under-caffeinated.
They can also be caused by hunger, caffeine withdrawal, and changes in estrogen level or weather.
Stopping suddenly can cause caffeine withdrawal and more fatigue.
These diagnoses include caffeine intoxication, caffeine dependence, caffeine-induced sleep disorder, caffeine-induced anxiety disorder, and caffeine withdrawal (Griffiths et al., 2003).
The symptoms of caffeine withdrawal were the worst thing single mum Jade, 23, had to cope with - but now she's put on more than a stone.
But people did experience significant caffeine withdrawal symptoms, including headache and nausea.