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caladium (kəlāˈdēəm): see arum.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Araceae. They are perennial herbs with a tuberous rhizome and sagittate or oblong leaves. The flowers are unisexual, without a perianth, and are gathered into a spadix (with pistillate flowers at the base, stami-nate flowers higher up, and a sterile part of the spadix above them), which is surrounded by a convolute white spathe. The fruit is a berry with several seeds. There are approximately 15 species, which grow in the rain forests of tropical America. Some species (for example, C. bicolor, C. marmoratum, and C. pic-turatum) are cultivated and have given rise to many horticultural varieties with different leaf shapes and colors.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adeyemi, "Antidiarrhoeal activity of aqueous leaf extract of Caladium bicolor (Araceae) and its possible mechanisms of action," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol.
Se han recolectado especimenes en inflorescencias de Caladium bicolor (Araceae) (GASCA-ALVAREZ, 2013).
Mujib, "Studies on antioxidant enzymes activity during in vitro morphogenesis of Caladium bicolor Linn," International Journal of Modern Cellular and Molecular Biology, vol.
The specific medicine, which has as a keynote itching of the vulva during pregnancy, worse at night from the heat of the bed, is Caladium. Caladium, known as elephant's ear, heart of Jesus, or angel wings, has arrowhead-shaped leaves.
An in vitro study on micropropagation of Caladium bicolor.
(13) This culminates in his admiration of the Aurora Borealis variety of the Caladium, whose leaves he compares to "viande crue, striee de cotes pourpre, de fibrilles violacees, une feuille tume-fiee, suant le yin bleu et le sang."
Preliminary investigation on the potentials of wild variegated cocoyam (Caladium hortulanum) replacement for maize in diets of catfish (Heterobranchus bidorsalis) fingerlings.
Plants Causing Gastrointestinal Toxicity--The plants causing gastrointestinal toxicity include the hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids and the calcium oxalate injectors, which are popular household plants and include many popular cultivars of Caladium, Dieffenbachia, Philodendron, Schefflera, and Spathiphyllum (Table 1).
Anthurium 45 (50)/29 (31); Arisaema 2/1; Caladium 1/0; Dieffenbachia 2/0; Dracontium 1/0; Lemna 7/0; Monstera 8/1; Montrichardia 1/0; Philodendron 26 (28)/9; Pistia 1/0; Rhodospatha 1/0; Spathiphyllum 7/2; Spirodela 2/0; Stenospermation 1/0; Syngonium 8/1; Wolfia 2/0; Wolffiella 4/0; Xanthosoma 8/2
Esta emparentada con las especies de los generos Xanthosoma y Caladium, usadas como plantas ornamentales y en ocasiones llamadas oreja de elefante.
One of the great tobacco craving remedies, Caladium promotes a dislike for tobacco, often to the point of nausea or vomiting if used when smoking.