Achilles tendon

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Achilles tendon

the fibrous cord that connects the muscles of the calf to the heelbone

Achilles tendon

[ə′kil·ēz ′ten·dən]
(anatomy)
The tendon formed by union of the tendons of the calf muscles, the soleus and gastrocnemius, and inserted into the heel bone.
References in periodicals archive ?
1): vertical distance from the origin of SN to the IML, vertical distance from the intersection point between the SN and the lateral margin of calcaneal tendon to the IML, horizontal distance between the SN and LM, vertical distance from the closest point between the SN and SSV to the IML.
Regarding the relationship with the lateral margin of the calcaneal tendon, the SN initially coursed medial to and then crossed the lateral margin of tendon in the majority of cases (83 legs, 84.7 %).
In relation to the lateral margin of the calcaneal tendon, our data showed that, in 84.7 % of legs, the SN changed its course from the medial to lateral sides.
In conclusion, this study examined the anatomy of sural nerve related to the lateral margin of calcaneal tendon, lateral malleolus and small saphenous vein.
MSCN medial sural cutaneous nerve, LSCN lateral sural cutaneous nerve, SSV small saphenous vein, CT calcaneal tendon, IML intermalleolar line, MM medial malleolus, LM lateral malleolus.
Different from other ones, in our study, we aimed at researching anatomically into the morphometric development of calcaneal tendon, and gastrocnemius muscle caput mediale/laterale and soleus muscle joining the constitution of this tendon throughout the fetal period by using the anatomic dissection method on human fetuses, and we also intended to discuss its importance in terms of clinical aspects.
By removing the cutaneous and subcutaneous fat layer in the posterior region of the leg, the sural nerve, gastrocnemius muscle caput mediale/laterale, soleus muscle and calcaneal tendon in the posterior leg were made visible.
Length of gastrocnemius muscle caput mediale (b): The vertical distance between the transverse axis passing along the initial starting point of the muscle and the transverse axis passing along the initial point of the calcaneal tendon.
Length of gastrocnemius muscle caput laterale (e): The vertical distance between the transverse axis passing along the initial point of the muscle and the transverse axis passing along the initial point of the calcaneal tendon.
Length of calcaneal tendon (j): The vertical distance between the transverse axes passing along the initial and termination points of the tendon.
Initial width of calcaneal tendon (k): The largest transverse distance between the vertical axes passing along the medial and lateral sides in the initial region of the tendon.
Termination width of calcaneal tendon (l): The largest transverse distance between the vertical axes passing along the medial and lateral sides in the termination region of the tendon.