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Normally there are three articular facets on the superior surface of calcaneum for the articulation of talus bone anterior, middle and posterior facets.
treated 37 patients with foot tuberculosis and observed five patterns of lesion radiologically, namely (i) Cystic type: this pattern is more common in calcaneum, (ii) Rhuemotoid type: appears as a coalesced mass of the bone and seen in midfoot involvement, (iii) Subperiosteal type: subperiosteal scalloping of bone was noted on the outer surface of the cuboid, the base of the fifth metatarsal and talar head, (iv) Kissing type: lesion was present in one joint and symmetrical scalloped lesions had developed on the adjacent articular surfaces of the bones, (v) Spina ventosa type: found in the short tubular bone of the foot.
This study includes all those patients having heel pain when first stand on his or her feet after rest or prolong walking history of heel pain for at least last six months and pain elicited on palpation of anterio-medial aspect of the calcaneum.
Cervices inimicorum tuorum subtus calcaneum tuum rediget, et possessiones eorum possidebis, et fugient a facie tua qui te oderunt, et terga eorum videbis, et gladius tuus vincet adversaries tuos .
At the follow up visit quantitative ultrasound, a tool measuring bone density, was used to measure BUA of the calcaneum.
Posterior-ankle impingement (PAI) syndrome describes a group of pathological entities that result from repetitive plantar flexion of the foot that causes repeated compression and entrapment of soft tissues, bony processes or unfused ossicles between the posterior-tibial plafond and the superior surface of the calcaneum.
The Achilles tendon attaches the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles to the calcaneum.
Plantar flexion is effected mainly by the tendo-Achilles apparatus, which inserts into the calcaneum and which involves the calf muscles, and the long toe flexors.
A radiograph of the foot revealed a fracture of the body of the calcaneum (Figure 1).
Placebo: a/a with belt over calcaneum and minimal force, with stabilising hand over metatarsals.
In radiology, the measurement of 'Bohler's angle' on a foot X-ray can help detect fractures of the calcaneum.