calceolaria


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calceolaria

(kăl'sēəlâr`ēə): see figwortfigwort,
common name for some members of the Scrophulariaceae, a family comprising chiefly herbs and small shrubs and distributed widely over all continents. The family includes a few climbing types and some parasitic and saprophytic forms.
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Calceolaria

 

a genus of plants of the family Scro-phulariaceae (flgwort). Included in this genus are herbs, semi-shrubs, and shrubs. The leaves are opposite or verticillate. The blossoms have a four-part calyx and a vividly labiate, bulging corolla (the lower lip is usually larger). There are two or three stamens. The fruit is a capsule. There are approximately 400 species, found primarily in the Peruvian and Chilean Andes. Several species are also native to Central America. Many species are ornamentals. Hybrids of the species Calceolaria corymbosa, C, arachnoidea, and C. crenatiflora were used in the creation of numerous garden varieties. The hybrids have yellow, orange, red, or violet flowers; they have either spotted or striped corollas. They are grown in cool conservatories and propagated by seeds or cuttings.

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Calceolaria Sunset is a useful bedder for the edges of containers, wall mangers and large hanging baskets.
La familia Scrophulariaceae ha tenido diferentes cambios en los ultimos anos, reubicando varios de los generos que la integraban para la flora de Veracruz a otras familias como Calceolaria a Calceolariaceae con 2 generos y 260 taxa; Buchnera, Castilleja, Escobedia, Lamouroxia y Seymeria a Orobanchaceae con 99 generos y 2061 taxa; Angelonia, Bacopa, Linaria, Maurandya, Penstemon, Russelia, Scoparia, Sibthorpia, Stemodia, Tetranema, Uroskinnera y Veronica a Veronicaceae con 104 generos y 1819 taxa (Olmstead et al.
4-naphthoquinones isolated from Calceolaria sessilis on tumoral cells and trypanosoma parasites.
Examples include Alyssum, Ageratum, Antirrhinum, Calceolaria, Celosia, Lobelia, Nicotiana, Pelargonium, Sweet pea, Stocks and Verbena.
Plants meeting the special requirements of bedding-out (identical bloom time, neatness, strong colour and prolonged blooming) were found in semi-tropical plants -- annuals such as lobelia, geranium, calceolaria, alyssum, canna and salvia -- which required greenhouse protection until frost-free weather.
For shade: impatiens, coleus, viola, forget-me nots, mimulus, and calceolaria.
Aunque es dificil que un evento de larga distancia ocurra dejando huecos de distribucion tan amplios, no es imposible, como ya se ha planteado para otros taxones como Calceolaria dichotoma (Padilla-Velarde y Cuevas-Guzman, 2010).
Algunas hierbas frecuentes fueron: Raimundochloa trachyantha (Poaceae), Veronica persica (Plantaginaceae), Astrephia chaerophylloides (Caprifoliaceae), Calceolaria pinnata (Calceolariaceae), Stellaria media, Cerastium glomeratum (Caryophyllaceae) y Emex spinosa (Polygonaceae), esta ultima es una especie invasora exotica facilmente reconocible por sus frutos trigonos espinescentes.
Crece en zonas humedas, a la sombra de especies de Nothofagus, o expuesta a insolacion directa, frecuentemente asociada a helechos, briofitas y especies de Calceolaria L.
Calceolaria (Calceolariaceae) with more then 250 species is distributed along the Andes from Chile and Argentina to Central America and Mexico with disjunct outliers in Brazil and the Falkland Islands (Molau, 1988; Ehrhart, 2000; Andersson, 2006).