Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


calceolaria (kălˌsēəlârˈēə): see figwort.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Scro-phulariaceae (flgwort). Included in this genus are herbs, semi-shrubs, and shrubs. The leaves are opposite or verticillate. The blossoms have a four-part calyx and a vividly labiate, bulging corolla (the lower lip is usually larger). There are two or three stamens. The fruit is a capsule. There are approximately 400 species, found primarily in the Peruvian and Chilean Andes. Several species are also native to Central America. Many species are ornamentals. Hybrids of the species Calceolaria corymbosa, C, arachnoidea, and C. crenatiflora were used in the creation of numerous garden varieties. The hybrids have yellow, orange, red, or violet flowers; they have either spotted or striped corollas. They are grown in cool conservatories and propagated by seeds or cuttings.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
-- Cactaceae Austrocylindropuntiafloccosa -- (Salm-Dyck ex Winterfeld) F.Ritter Calceolariaceae Calceolaria cuneiformis Ruiz & Pav.
Sow flowering houseplants Grow your own winter-flowering pot plants by sowing cineraria, calceolaria and schizanthus.
Isolation, characterization, and biological activity of naphthoquinones from Calceolaria andina L.
45-65 Peace lily Spathiphyllum 60-75 Periwinkle Catharanthus roseus 70-80 Persian violet Exacum affine 55-70 Pocketbook plant Calceolaria 50-54 Poinsettia Euphorbia pulcherrima 64-68 Pomegranate Punica granatum 45-75 Regal geranium Pelargonium 50-75 domesticum Rose mallow Hibiscus rosa- 54-59 sinensis Shrimp plant Drejerella 54-59 Slipper orchid Paphiopedilum 54-59 Tuberous rooted Begonia x 75-85 begonia tuberhynrida Wood sorrel, Oxalis rubra 54-57 shamrock Zonal geranium, Pelargonium x 75-85 garden geranium hybridum Cacti and Succulents Parodia 45-75 Aloe Aloe vera, Aloe 40-70 variegata Barrel cactus Echinocereus spp.
Calceolaria Sunset is a useful bedder for the edges of containers, wall mangers and large hanging baskets.
Morello A, Pavani M, Garbarino JA, Chamy MC, Frey C, Mancilla J (1995) Effects and mode of action of 1.4-naphthoquinones isolated from Calceolaria sessilis on tumoral cells and trypanosoma parasites.
SUNNY BLOOMS: Calceolaria; PURPLE POWER: Bracysome; PATIO POT: Brighten your steps up with pelargoniums
Examples include Alyssum, Ageratum, Antirrhinum, Calceolaria, Celosia, Lobelia, Nicotiana, Pelargonium, Sweet pea, Stocks and Verbena.
Plants meeting the special requirements of bedding-out (identical bloom time, neatness, strong colour and prolonged blooming) were found in semi-tropical plants -- annuals such as lobelia, geranium, calceolaria, alyssum, canna and salvia -- which required greenhouse protection until frost-free weather.