To the Editor: Primary familial brain calcification
(PFBC) is a rare genetically degenerative disease that is generally characterized by symmetrical, bilateral calcinosis in the basal ganglia, thalamus, dentate nuclei, and other brain regions and mainly manifests with neurological and psychiatric symptoms.
30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes and smoking are vascular risk factors associated with hippocampal calcification
in older patients with memory issues, according to a study published in the September issue of Radiology.
While the study was not designed to conclusively determine if smoking and diabetes increase the risk of hippocampal calcifications
, the results suggest a link.
is also seen in the SVG as a result of atherosclerosis, being reportedly found in 40% of patients undergoing SVG PCI according to IVUS findings .
In 2007, an animal study demonstrated significant reduction of arterial calcification
in response to vitamin K supplementation.
Abdominal X-ray showed a tortuous tubular radiopaque image fixed on the left-upper quadrant (Figure 1a); computed tomography revealed isolated calcification
of the splenic artery (Figure 1b).
Crushed stone-like calcifications
with the largest number of patients were chosen as the reference group in the analyses of mammographic features.
First of all, we tested the association between calcification
and the 9 risk factors in the dataset (which are qualitative variables) using Pearson's Chi-squared test.
They received regular PD treatment and underwent a series of coronary artery calcification
score (CaCS) measurements by MSCT at baseline and semiannual or annual repeat scans during the follow-up.
Treatment and management is based on the pattern of calcification
and the patient's current health status.
Benign nodules are commonly well defined (96% benign), entirely cystic, solid and cystic or may be solid, demonstrate coarse calcification
, have thin echolucent halo around the entire lesion and may show spongiform appearance3,4.
In the simple form, there are multiple small nodules 2-5 mm in diameter accompanied by calcification
. They tend to be most common in upper lobes of lungs.