calender

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calender

1
a machine in which paper or cloth is glazed or smoothed by passing between rollers

calender

2
a member of a mendicant order of dervishes in Turkey, Iran, and India
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Calender

 

a press with two to 20 horizontal rollers between which material (fabric, paper, or rubber) in the form of rolls or sheets is passed to increase its density or smoothness or to apply an embossed pattern or design. Machine calenders, supercalenders, embossing calenders, and gauging calenders are used in the paper industry. The rollers of calenders (except embossing calenders) have a smooth, polished surface and are usually made of metal. The required pressure between the rollers is produced by the weight of the rollers themselves; in some instances it may be supplemented by pneumatic or hydraulic clamping devices. Calenders are also used in the textile and chemical industries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

calender

[′kal·ən·dər]
(engineering)
To pass a material between rollers or plates to thin it into sheets or to make it smooth and glossy.
The machine which performs this operation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.