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calendula(kəlĕn`jələ), any species of the genus Calendula, Old World plants of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
..... Click the link for more information. family). The common calendula (C. officinalis), an annual with yellow to deep orange flower heads produced through a long blooming season, was a popular garden flower in Shakespeare's time—his "marigold." Its dried florets have been used as a food coloring and for flavoring stews and soups (whence the name pot marigold) and have also long been used medicinally. Calendula is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
a genus of plants of the family Compositae. They are subshrubs and perennial or annual herbs with rami-form stems and entire leaves. The inflorescences are solitary calathide heads on long flower stalks. The numerous ligulate flowers are yellow, pistillate, and proliferous. The tubular flowers are bisexual but do not bear fruit. The achenes are incurved (annular); the exterior achenes are shaped differently from the middle and interior ones. There are more than 20 species of Calendula, distributed primarily from the Mediterranean region to Iran. Species are also found in Central Europe; there are four species in the USSR. They grow along seacoasts, in shrub thickets, and on cliffs. Some species, such as the marigold (Calendula arvensis), grow as weeds. Many varieties of the pot marigold (C. officinalis) have been cultivated for a long time. This species has mainly double yellow and orange flowers of all shades. It is also a medicinal plant, providing a gargle for inflamed mouth infections and an ointment for boils, wounds, and ulcers. The oily extract from the ligulate flowers is used as a food dye. In some countries, dried calathide heads are used as a seasoning for soups and sauces.
O. M. POLETIKO