and front and rear paw grip force were measured weekly, and at 14 days the calf muscles were analysed.
However, the protection wasn't complete - the resveratrol didn't rescue calf circumference
The researchers then measured and analyzed paw grip force as well as the calf circumference
and muscles of the animals.
The maximum calf circumference
was measured using a tape measure while the participant was sitting off the edge of table with free hanging lower legs.
Results: It was statistically equivalent between two groups in age, body mass index, thigh circumference, calf circumference
, systolic blood pressure, and resting heart rate (all P > 0.05).
Subject's anthropometric variables Variable Data Variable Data Femur length (cm) 47 Wrist circumference (cm) 17 Calf length (cm) 41 Elbow circumference (cm) 26.5 Leg length (cm) 85 Chest circumference (cm) 94 ARM SPAN (cm) 160 Waist circumference (cm) 77 Elbow length (cm) 26 Thigh circumference (cm) 52 Hand palm (cm) 18.5 Hip circumference (cm) 87.5 Arm length (cm) 69.5 Calf circumference
(cm) 38 Sole of foot (cm) 26 Shoulder width (cm) 17 Arm circumference (cm) 35 Chest width (cm) 11 Table 2.
The MNA investigated anthropometric measurements (BMI, mid-arm circumference [MAC], calf circumference
and body weight), diet changes (number of meals, food and fluid intake, independent eating), overall assessment parameters (lifestyle, medications used, mobility, stress, dementia or depression status) and personal assessment parameters (self-assessment on own health status and nutritional status).
(3) These are the conventional methods most frequently used for assessment of malnutrition among adults and the elderly: weight, height, body mass index (BMI), arm circumference (CC) and calf circumference
The hip to the lower limbs included the hip profile area, hip circumference, hip width, left leg volume, left leg surface area, left calf circumference
, right leg volume, right leg surface area, right calf circumference
, left TC, right TC, left leg length, and right leg length.
The somatometry indices include tricep skinfold thickness (TST), bicep circumference, waistline, hipline, and calf circumference
. The measurement point for the TST is the midpoint between the acromion and the olecranon on the side of the dominant hand.
They found that MUAC of 33 cm and a calf circumference
of 39 cm may be a reliable cut-off for diagnosing obesity in pregnant women in Nigeria.
Researchers measured arm and calf circumference
and concluded those with a larger arm muscle, compared to calf muscle, were more likely to survive a heart attack.