Prognostic Usefulness of Arm and Calf Circumference
in Patients AaAaAeAc[yen]65 Years of Age With Cardiovascul Disease.
They found that MUAC of 33 cm and a calf circumference
of 39 cm may be a reliable cut-off for diagnosing obesity in pregnant women in Nigeria.
Researchers measured arm and calf circumference
and concluded those with a larger arm muscle, compared to calf muscle, were more likely to survive a heart attack.
Malnutrition risk was evaluated using the MNA[R], which is an instrument composed of 18 items (A-R) (7): (A) decrease in food intake in the past three months; (B) involuntary weight loss during the last three months; (C) mobility; (D) psychological stress or acute disease in the past three months; (E) neuropsychological problems; (F) body mass index (BMI); (G) lives independently; (H) takes more than three prescription drugs per day; (I) pressure sore or skin ulcers; (J) number of full meals per day; (K) consumption markers for protein intake; (L) daily consumption of fruits and vegetables; (M) consumption of fluids per day; (N) mode of feeding; (O) self-view of nutritional status; (P) self-perception of health status; (Q) mid-arm circumference; and (R) calf circumference
Furthermore, the blood flow was positively correlated with calf circumference
Mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) and calf circumference
were measured using a flexible meter.
5) determined that a 10 mm reduction in calf circumference
resulted in a fourfold increase in the incidence of tibial stress fracture.
After six weeks, calf circumference
increased significantly in the sand runners.
In a variety of disciplines and distances, no association between calf circumference
and race performance was reported.
was measured by a measuring tape horizontally around at the level of the maximum circumference.
Newborns were subjected to the following anthropometric measurements within 48 hours of birth by standard techniques: Birth weight, Crown heel length, Head circumference, Chest circumference, Abdominal circumference, Thigh circumference, Calf circumference
, Mid arm circumference, Skin fold thickness and Foot length.
Excessive pressure also may develop if calf circumference
increases after initial fitting due to development of lower-extremity edema, a common occurrence after orthopedic surgery (Walker, 2012).